It’s an exciting and nerve-wracking time when a Cocker Spaniel becomes pregnant. As a pet owner, you want to make sure that everything goes smoothly for both the mother and her puppies. However, there are several common health issues that can arise during a Cocker Spaniel’s pregnancy that you need to be aware of. It’s important to know how to recognize and handle these issues to ensure a successful pregnancy and healthy puppies. From miscarriage to birthing difficulties, we’ve compiled a comprehensive guide to help you prepare for and manage common health issues in Cocker Spaniel pregnancies. So, let’s dive in and learn how to care for your furry family members during this special time.

Preparing for Pregnancy

Preparing For Pregnancy
Preparing your Cocker Spaniel for a pregnancy can be an exciting time, but it’s important to ensure that you take the necessary steps to ensure a healthy and successful pregnancy. Proper preparation is key to a healthy pregnancy and improving the chances of success for both the mother and her puppies. The following steps will help you prepare your Cocker Spaniel for a healthy pregnancy, delivery, and postpartum period. It’s important to note, however, that consulting with a veterinarian throughout the process is crucial to ensuring a successful pregnancy. For more information about preparing for breeding, please refer to our article on how to prepare a Cocker Spaniel for breeding .

Consult with a Veterinarian

Before breeding your female Cocker Spaniel, it is essential to consult with a veterinarian to ensure she is in good health and to discuss any potential risks of pregnancy. Regular check-ups during the pregnancy can help identify any issues early on and ensure the health of both the mother and the puppies. During the initial consultation, the veterinarian will likely discuss proper prenatal care, which includes proper nutrition, exercise, and vaccination schedules. They may also perform a physical examination and run tests to ensure that the dog does not have any pre-existing conditions that could lead to complications during pregnancy.

Once the pregnancy is confirmed, the veterinarian will discuss gestation length and what to expect during each stage of the pregnancy. They can also help prepare for the birthing process, discuss when to expect labor, and provide information on the signs of labor. It’s important to have a plan in place when it comes to whelping to reduce the risk of complications, and the veterinarian can provide advice on the necessary preparations.

It’s crucial to have an open and honest conversation with the veterinarian about any concerns or questions you may have. They can provide information on what must be done if any complications arise during the pregnancy, and they can also advise on the best course of action in the case of high-risk pregnancies.

Consulting with a veterinarian before and during the pregnancy is crucial for ensuring the safety and wellbeing of both the mother and the puppies. Regular check-ups can help detect any issues early on, reducing the risk of complications and increasing the chances of a successful pregnancy. To learn more about prenatal and postnatal care for Cocker Spaniels, check out these resources: Cocker Spaniel Gestation, Prenatal Care for Cocker Spaniels, Whelping Signs for Cocker Spaniels, Postnatal Care for Cocker Spaniels.

Nutrition and Exercise

Proper nutrition and regular exercise are important for cocker spaniel pregnancies. The mother’s health is crucial in ensuring the health of the puppies. The following table shows the recommended diet and exercise regimen:

During PregnancyDuring Lactation
DietA balanced diet consisting of proteins, complex carbohydrates, and healthy fats. Increase the amounts of food by 25% in the last few weeks of pregnancy.A nutrient-dense diet with increased protein and healthy fats. Offer small, frequent meals throughout the day.
ExerciseModerate exercise such as short walks and light play. Avoid strenuous exercise or long walks.Moderate exercise such as short walks and light play. Gradually increase the length and duration of exercise as the puppies grow.

It is important to consult with a veterinarian to develop a specific diet and exercise plan for the cocker spaniel mother during pregnancy and lactation. This will help ensure that the appropriate nutrients are being provided, and the mother is staying healthy and active. Additionally, monitoring the mother’s weight gain and overall health through regular check-ups is crucial for successful pregnancy and delivery.

Common Health Issues

Common Health Issues
As much as we want our Cocker Spaniel pregnancies to go smoothly, things don’t always go as planned. Unfortunately, there are common health issues that our furry friends may experience during pregnancy. It’s important to be aware of these issues and their symptoms, so we can tackle them head-on and ensure the best outcome for our Cocker Spaniels and their little ones. Let’s dive into some of the most common health issues during Cocker Spaniel pregnancies and how to handle them.


Miscarriage is a common concern among any breed of dog, including Cocker Spaniels. A miscarriage, also called spontaneous abortion, happens when the pregnancy is lost before the 45th day. The reasons for miscarriage can range from hormonal imbalances to infections, and it can happen in any stage of the pregnancy.

There are several signs of miscarriage that Cocker Spaniel owners must be aware of. These include significant bleeding from the vagina, foul-smelling discharge, lethargy or depression, loss of appetite, and contractions with no puppies being produced. If you notice any of these symptoms, you should take your Cocker Spaniel to visit the veterinarian immediately.

During your visit, your veterinarian will likely perform a physical examination and potentially use medical imaging technologies to properly diagnose the cause of your Cocker Spaniel’s miscarriage. Some common causes of miscarriage are hormonal imbalances or underlying health conditions, so it’s important to begin treatment as soon as possible.

Unfortunately, there is no single cure for miscarriage, and the best course of action always depends on the specific underlying cause. Some treatments may include hormone therapy, antibacterial medications, or even surgery in more severe cases.

Owners of Cocker Spaniels who have had one or more miscarriages should also consider consulting with a specialist. A reproductive specialist can help identify the underlying cause of the miscarriages and offer unique treatment plans tailored to your Cocker Spaniel’s specific situation.

Pregnancy can be an exciting and overwhelming experience for Cocker Spaniel owners. However, if you notice any signs of miscarriage, it’s critical to seek veterinary care immediately. With proper care and attention, your Cocker Spaniel can have a healthy pregnancy and a happy life afterwards.

Signs of MiscarriageTreatments
Significant bleeding from the vaginaHormone therapy
Foul-smelling dischargeAntibacterial medications
Lethargy or depressionSurgery in severe cases
Contractions with no puppies being producedConsulting with a reproductive specialist


Eclampsia, also known as milk fever, is a common health issue that can occur in cocker spaniel pregnancies. It is a serious condition that typically appears during the later stages of pregnancy or shortly after delivery. Eclampsia is caused by low calcium levels in the blood, which can lead to seizures and convulsions. The following are some signs to watch out for if you suspect eclampsia in your dog:

  • Trembling or shaking: One of the earliest signs of eclampsia is trembling or shaking in the dog’s body or limbs.
  • Lethargy: A dog suffering from eclampsia may seem lethargic and less active than usual.
  • Panting or rapid breathing: Dogs with eclampsia may breathe faster than usual or pant excessively.
  • Stiffness: Eclampsia can cause stiffness, especially in the dog’s hind legs.
  • Loss of appetite: A dog with eclampsia may lose interest in food and water.
  • Seizures: In severe cases, a dog with eclampsia may experience seizures or convulsions.

If you suspect that your dog has eclampsia, take her to the vet immediately. This condition is life-threatening and requires urgent medical attention. Treatment typically involves calcium supplementation and the use of intravenous fluids to stabilize the dog. In severe cases, the dog may need to be hospitalized for a few days until she stabilizes.

To prevent eclampsia, it’s important to provide your dog with a balanced diet that is high in calcium and other essential nutrients. You may also want to consider providing calcium supplements during pregnancy and lactation, but it’s important to consult with your vet first. Finally, make sure your dog gets plenty of rest and avoid over-exercising her during pregnancy, as this can increase the risk of developing eclampsia.

Pregnancy Termination

It can be a difficult decision to terminate a pregnancy, but sometimes it’s necessary for the health and wellbeing of the mother and potential puppies. There are a few different reasons why pregnancy termination may be recommended by a veterinarian, including genetic defects, contagious diseases, and life-threatening complications.

Reasons for Pregnancy Termination

Genetic DefectsIf the puppies are diagnosed with a genetic defect, it may be recommended to terminate the pregnancy to avoid suffering for the puppies.
Contagious DiseasesIf the mother is diagnosed with a contagious disease such as canine herpesvirus, pregnancy termination may be necessary to avoid spreading the disease to the puppies.
Life-Threatening ComplicationsIf the mother is experiencing complications such as uterine rupture or hemorrhage, pregnancy termination may be necessary to save her life.

If pregnancy termination is recommended, it’s important to have a frank and open discussion with the veterinarian to understand the risks and benefits. The procedure may be done surgically or medically depending on the stage of pregnancy and the health of the mother. It’s important to note that pregnancy termination should only be undertaken by a qualified veterinarian and not attempted at home.

It’s natural to feel a range of emotions if pregnancy termination is recommended or chosen. It can be helpful to seek support from a trusted friend or family member, or even a mental health professional, to process these feelings.

Pregnancy Pseudocyesis

Pregnancy pseudocyesis, also known as a false pregnancy, can be a perplexing health issue for owners of Cocker Spaniels. This condition occurs when a dog experiences a range of symptoms that mimic pregnancy, such as weight gain, lactation, nesting behaviors, and even psychological changes like mood swings. However, the dog is not actually pregnant. Here are some important points to keep in mind if you suspect that your Cocker Spaniel is experiencing a false pregnancy:

  • Causes: The exact cause behind false pregnancy is not completely understood, but it is thought to be linked to hormonal imbalances in the dog’s body. It is more common in dogs that have gone through their first heat cycle or have not been spayed.
  • Symptoms: A dog experiencing false pregnancy may display a range of physical and behavioral changes, including:
    • Abdominal swelling
    • Lactation (milk production)
    • Nesting behaviors or maternal instincts
    • Loss of appetite or change in eating habits
    • Lethargy or depression
    • Mood swings or aggression
  • Diagnosis: If you suspect that your Cocker Spaniel is experiencing false pregnancy, it is important to take her to the vet for a proper diagnosis. The vet will perform a physical exam, which may include an ultrasound or X-ray, to rule out actual pregnancy or other health issues.
  • Treatment: In most cases, false pregnancy will resolve on its own over time. However, if the symptoms are causing significant distress to the dog or if complications arise, treatment may be necessary. This may include medication to regulate hormone levels, or occasionally, surgery to remove swollen mammary glands.
  • Prevention: If you wish to prevent false pregnancy in your Cocker Spaniel, spaying is the most effective method. This will also prevent other serious health issues like uterine infections and cancers.

It can be concerning to see your beloved pet going through symptoms that resemble pregnancy. However, with proper care and treatment, your Cocker Spaniel can soon return to her normal self. Remember to always consult with your veterinary professional if you notice any unusual changes in your pet’s health or behavior.


Infections during pregnancy can pose a serious risk to both the mother and her pups. It’s essential to keep an eye out for any signs of infection and to act fast if any symptoms arise. Here are some common infections that can occur during cocker spaniel pregnancies:

BrucellosisLethargy, fever, joint pain, swollen lymph nodes, decreased appetite, and weight loss. Abortion may occur late in pregnancy.Antibiotics will be administered for at least four weeks, but often longer. Ovariohysterectomy (spay) is recommended. Isolation is recommended for infected animals.
EhrlichiosisLethargy, fever, decreased appetite, anemia, bruising, and nosebleeds. May lead to stillbirth, premature birth, or newborn death.Treatment depends on the severity of symptoms, and may include antibiotics, blood transfusions, and supportive care.
ToxoplasmosisMost infected cats will not show any clinical signs. In dogs, clinical signs can include fever, lethargy, and decreased appetite; liver and lung failure; abortion, stillbirth, or neonatal death.Treatment depends on symptoms, and may include antibiotics and supportive care.
LeptospirosisFever, lethargy, vomiting, diarrhea, loss of appetite, reluctance to move, conjunctivitis, and parking absence.Treatment involves administering antibiotics and supportive care. Vaccination is highly recommended for infected animals.

It’s important to note that prevention is the best strategy when it comes to infections. Make sure to keep your cocker spaniel up-to-date on vaccinations and avoid exposing her to potentially infected animals or environments. If your dog shows any signs of infection, take her to the vet immediately. Early diagnosis and treatment can make all the difference for a successful pregnancy.

Retained Placenta

During a Cocker Spaniel pregnancy, it is not uncommon for the placenta (the organ that connects the developing fetus to the uterine wall to allow nutrient uptake, waste elimination, and gas exchange) to become retained inside the uterus. Retained placenta occurs when the entire placenta or some fragments of it remain inside the uterus for more than 30 minutes postpartum.

The retained placenta can cause severe postpartum problems, such as inflammation of the uterus, infections, and bleeding. It is essential to ensure that the placenta has been delivered entirely post-birthing. If you suspect that your Cocker Spaniel still has retained placenta from the birthing process, contact your veterinarian right away.

Symptoms of Retained Placenta in Cocker Spaniels

The symptoms of retained placenta in Cocker Spaniels can be easily spotted. Here are some of the signs to keep an eye out for:

Bloody Vaginal DischargeIf you see a discharge that looks bloody or pus-like, it could be a symptom of retained placenta.
Incomplete BirthingIf you see that the dog is still in the birthing process and has not completely delivered her offspring, it could be a sign of retained placenta.
Fever and LethargyIf your Cocker Spaniel is acting unusual, seems lethargic, and has an elevated temperature, it might be due to retained placenta.
Lack of AppetiteIf your Cocker Spaniel is refusing food, it might be a result of retained placenta.

Treatment of Retained Placenta in Cocker Spaniels

As soon as you suspect that your Cocker Spaniel has retained placenta, it is crucial to seek veterinary attention immediately. Your veterinarian will perform an examination on the dam to determine whether there are any placenta fragments left, and they will proceed with the necessary measures to remove any remaining placenta from the uterus.

This procedure, referred to as a “manual cleanout” or “flush,” involves anesthetizing the Cocker Spaniel and thoroughly cleansing the uterus. Antibiotics might be prescribed to prevent infections, and your dog may also be given intravenous fluids to correct any dehydration caused due to the retained placenta.

Post-Treatment and Home Care

After treatment, it is important to keep a close eye on your Cocker Spaniel as she recovers. Monitor for any signs of fever, lethargy, or other unusual behaviors. Ensure that you keep the environment clean and provide a comfortable space for your dog to rest and recover.

Retained placenta is one of the most common health issues that Cocker Spaniels face during pregnancy. Early detection and immediate veterinary intervention can prevent postpartum complications and ensure a full recovery for your Cocker Spaniel. By keeping an eye on your dog’s symptoms and seeking prompt veterinary care, you can ensure the health and safety of your beloved pet.

Birthing Difficulties

Bringing new life into the world can be a challenging process, and sometimes Cocker Spaniels can encounter birthing difficulties. These can range from mild to severe, and the experience can be very stressful for both the dog and the owner.

Signs of birthing difficulties:

  • Difficulty giving birth
  • Excessive panting or restlessness
  • Lack of contractions
  • Excessive bleeding or discharge from the vagina
  • Visible discomfort or distress

Birthing difficulties can be caused by a number of factors, such as the size of the litter, the size of the puppies, or malposition of the fetus. If you notice any of the above signs during labor, it is important to take action quickly to ensure the safety of both the mother and her puppies.

Actions to take:

  • Stay calm and do not panic, as this can distress the dog even more.
  • Call your veterinarian immediately and follow their instructions.
  • Assist the dog during delivery if necessary. This includes guiding the puppy out if it becomes stuck, but only attempt this if you have been trained in how to do so by a professional.
  • Do not attempt to pull the puppy out by force, as this can cause injury to both the mother and the puppy.
  • Monitor the mother closely after delivery for any signs of infection or other complications.
  • If a caesarean section is necessary, follow the veterinarian’s pre-and post-operative instructions carefully to ensure proper healing and recovery for the mother.

Birthing difficulties can be a scary experience, but it is important to stay calm and act quickly to ensure a safe delivery for the mother and her puppies. By being prepared and having a plan in place, you can help your Cocker Spaniel through the birthing process and welcome a happy, healthy litter of puppies.

False Pregnancy

False pregnancy, also known as phantom pregnancy or pseudopregnancy, occurs in some Cocker Spaniels who experience hormonal imbalances, leading to physical and behavioral changes that mimic those of pregnancy despite not being pregnant. This can be a confusing and uncomfortable experience for both the dog and the owner.

Enlarged mammary glandsIf the symptoms are mild, no treatment is needed. In severe cases, medication may be prescribed to control hormone levels and relieve discomfort.
Lactation and milk productionProviding extra attention and avoiding stimulation of the nipples can help alleviate discomfort. A veterinarian may also prescribe medication to reduce milk production.
Behavioral changesOffering a comforting environment and keeping the dog’s routine consistent can help ease anxiety and stress. Additionally, providing extra exercise and mental stimulation may also help manage behavioral changes.

It is important to note that false pregnancy is not a serious condition, but if you notice any concerning symptoms or suspect that your dog may have an underlying medical condition, make sure to consult with a veterinarian. It is also important to spay your Cocker Spaniel to prevent the occurrence of false pregnancy and other reproductive health issues.

Treatment and Care

With the proper preparation and attention, many potential health issues in cocker spaniel pregnancies can be managed and treated effectively. This section will go over the various treatment and care options available to owners facing these challenges. From medications to surgery, it is important to understand the different routes of care that may be necessary to ensure the health of both the mother and the puppies. Let’s take a closer look at what owners can do to help their cocker spaniel successfully navigate any potential health issues.


During a Cocker Spaniel’s pregnancy, medication should only be used under the advice and supervision of a veterinarian. Some medications that may be prescribed include:

  • Prenatal Vitamins: These supplements contain essential vitamins and minerals that can boost the health of both the mother and the growing puppies. They typically include folic acid, calcium, and iron.
  • Antibiotics: Antibiotics may be necessary if the mother develops an infection during pregnancy. However, not all antibiotics are safe for pregnant dogs, so it’s important to follow the veterinarian’s instructions carefully.
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs: These drugs may be prescribed to manage pain and inflammation in the mother during pregnancy. However, some anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen and aspirin are not safe for dogs, so it’s important to use only those medications that are recommended by a veterinarian.
  • Hormone Supplements: In certain cases, hormone supplements may be prescribed to prevent miscarriage or support a healthy pregnancy. However, these supplements should only be administered under the guidance of a veterinarian.
  • Painkillers: In the event of difficult labor, painkillers may be prescribed to make the mother more comfortable. However, these medications should also be used only under close veterinary supervision.

It’s important to remember that some medications can have side effects or interact with other medications, so it’s important to provide complete and accurate information to the veterinarian. If any unusual symptoms are observed in the mother or the puppies after taking medication, contact the veterinarian immediately.


Surgery may be required in some cases to manage the health issues that occur during a Cocker Spaniel pregnancy. It is imperative to consult with a veterinarian to decide the best course of action for the dog. Surgery may be necessary in emergency cases such as eclampsia or birthing difficulties, and may also be needed to remove retained placenta or for a planned pregnancy termination.

During surgery, the dog will be anesthetized and closely monitored by a veterinary team. After the surgery, the dog will need to be closely observed to ensure smooth recovery. There may also be a requirement for a postoperative care plan, including administering medication as prescribed by the veterinarian.

There are risks associated with surgery, especially with a pregnant dog. The anesthesia and stress of surgery can negatively affect the health of an unborn or newborn puppy, and there is always a risk of complications from any surgical procedure. Surgery should only be considered as a last resort when other treatment options have been exhausted.

Here is a table summarizing the pros and cons of surgery in managing common health issues that occur during a Cocker Spaniel pregnancy:

Pros of SurgeryCons of Surgery
Can quickly address emergency health issues such as eclampsia or birthing difficultiesRisks associated with anesthesia and surgery, which can negatively affect the health of puppies
Can remove retained placenta, which can lead to uterine infections and other complicationsSurgery is invasive and can be stressful for the dog, leading to complications during and after the procedure
Can be used as a last resort when other treatment options have failedRisk of post-operative complications and a need for a carefully monitored aftercare plan

Surgery is an option to be carefully considered when managing common health issues that occur during a Cocker Spaniel pregnancy. It is important to weigh the pros and cons with a veterinarian and review other treatment options before determining if surgery is the best course of action.

Postpartum Care

After the successful delivery of puppies, it’s crucial for you to take good care of your Cocker Spaniel to ensure a smooth and healthy recovery. Postpartum care is a critical step in ensuring the health of your dog after whelping. Here are some tips to help you ensure proper postpartum care:

  • Provide a Comfortable Environment: After giving birth, your Cocker Spaniel will need a comfortable and warm environment to recover from delivery. You should provide a comfortable and soft bed with plenty of blankets for your dog to rest in. Also, make sure to keep the room temperature warm to avoid any chills.
  • Ensure Proper Nutrition: During this phase, your Cocker Spaniel’s nutritional needs will increase. You should feed your dog high-quality puppy food that’s rich in protein for better milk production. Make sure to provide fresh water at all times to keep your dog hydrated.
  • Monitor for Signs of Infection: The postpartum period can be stressful for your dog, and she may be more susceptible to infections. Pay close attention to any discharge or odor from your dog’s vagina, as this could be a sign of infection. Consult your vet immediately if you notice any unusual behavior or symptoms.
  • Watch out for Mastitis: Mastitis is a painful inflammatory condition of the mammary gland which can be caused by bacterial infection, milk stasis, or trauma. This condition is common in lactating dogs and can cause fever, lethargy, and pain. If you notice any swelling, redness or discharge from the mammary gland, contact your veterinarian immediately.
  • Ensure Proper Exercise: Postpartum care involves rest and relaxation for your dog, but it’s also essential to keep them active. Regular, light exercise can help your Cocker Spaniel recover quickly after delivery. You can take them for short walks and encourage them to play gentle games to maintain their physical and mental health.

Taking care of your Cocker Spaniel during the postpartum period is crucial to ensure her health and the health of her puppies. By following these tips and consulting your veterinarian if you have any concerns, you’ll help your furry friend recover quickly and smoothly.


After going through this article on common health issues in Cocker Spaniel pregnancies, it is crucial to understand the importance of proper preparation, monitoring, and care throughout the entire process. Consult with a veterinarian to ensure that your dog is in the best possible health before becoming pregnant. During pregnancy, monitor your dog’s nutrition and exercise regimen closely to prevent potential health issues.

If any unusual symptoms or complications arise during the pregnancy, it is essential to seek medical attention immediately. This article has highlighted some of the common health issues that Cocker Spaniel pregnancies may experience, including miscarriage, eclampsia, pregnancy termination, pregnancy pseudocyesis, infections, retained placenta, birthing difficulties, and false pregnancy.

It is crucial to remember that each pregnancy is unique and that a veterinarian’s guidance is critical in ensuring the health and safety of your pet throughout the entire process. Proper treatment and care can involve medications, surgery, and postpartum care.

In conclusion, ensuring the health and safety of your pregnant Cocker Spaniel requires careful preparation, monitoring, and attention throughout the entire process. By taking the necessary steps and seeking professional veterinary care when needed, you can help prevent and manage potential health problems, ultimately ensuring the health and well-being of both mother and puppies.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are some signs of pregnancy in Cocker Spaniels?

Some signs of pregnancy in Cocker Spaniels include weight gain, increased appetite, enlarged nipples, and decreased activity levels.

How long is the gestation period for Cocker Spaniel pregnancies?

The gestation period for Cocker Spaniel pregnancies is typically around 63 days, but it can range from 58 to 68 days.

What kind of exercise is recommended during Cocker Spaniel pregnancies?

Gentle exercise, such as short walks, is recommended during Cocker Spaniel pregnancies. High-impact activities should be avoided.

What is eclampsia and how is it treated?

Eclampsia, also known as milk fever, is a condition where a lactating dog experiences a drop in blood calcium levels. If not treated promptly, it can be life-threatening. Treatment involves calcium supplementation, sometimes through IV or subcutaneous injection.

What is pregnancy pseudocyesis and how is it diagnosed?

Pregnancy pseudocyesis, or false pregnancy, is a condition where a non-pregnant dog shows symptoms of pregnancy. It is diagnosed through physical examination and sometimes imaging tests.

What are some signs of infection during Cocker Spaniel pregnancies?

Signs of infection during Cocker Spaniel pregnancies can include fever, lethargy, vaginal discharge, and reduced appetite.

What is a retained placenta and how is it treated?

A retained placenta occurs when not all of the fetal membranes are expelled after birth. It can lead to infection and other complications. Treatment involves manual removal under anesthesia.

What is postpartum care and why is it important?

Postpartum care involves monitoring the health of the mother and her puppies after birth. It is important to ensure that they are all healthy and receiving proper nutrition and medical attention.

What kind of medications are used during Cocker Spaniel pregnancies?

Medications used during Cocker Spaniel pregnancies can include antibiotics for infections, oxytocin to stimulate contractions, and medications to manage pain.

When should I seek veterinary care during a Cocker Spaniel pregnancy?

You should seek veterinary care immediately if your Cocker Spaniel exhibits any signs of pregnancy complications or if you have concerns about her health. It is better to be safe and seek medical attention promptly.


Matthew Farthing

Matthew Farthing

Сontributing author at DogCareHacks, Certified Dog Behavior Consultant.

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