Feed Shih Tzu: Ultimate Guide to Feeding Your Shih Tzu

Shih Tzus are adorable, affectionate, and lively companions that have captured the hearts of many dog lovers worldwide. These small, fluffy dogs are known for their endearing personalities and their distinctive appearance with a long, silky coat and a cute, flat face. As a responsible Shih Tzu owner, it’s essential to understand their dietary needs and provide them with a balanced and nutritious diet to ensure their overall health and well-being.

The Importance of Proper Nutrition

Proper nutrition plays a crucial role in maintaining the health and vitality of your Shih Tzu. A well-balanced diet not only supports their growth and development but also helps prevent various health issues, such as obesity, dental problems, and digestive issues. By providing your furry friend with the right nutrients, you can ensure they have the energy to play, a healthy coat, and a strong immune system.

Understanding Your Shih Tzu’s Dietary Requirements

Shih Tzus have specific dietary requirements that differ from other breeds. As a small breed, they have a higher metabolic rate and require a diet that is tailored to their size and energy needs. Their diet should be rich in high-quality proteins, essential fatty acids, and a balanced ratio of carbohydrates and vitamins.


Protein is essential for building and maintaining muscle mass, as well as supporting a healthy immune system. Shih Tzus require a diet that contains high-quality animal-based proteins, such as chicken, turkey, or fish. Plant-based proteins, like those found in legumes and grains, can also be included in their diet but should not be the primary source of protein.


Fats are an important source of energy and help maintain a healthy coat and skin. Shih Tzus benefit from a diet that includes omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids, which can be found in fish oils, flaxseed, and certain plant-based oils.

Choosing the Right Dog Food

When it comes to feeding your Shih Tzu, it’s important to choose a high-quality dog food that meets their nutritional needs. Look for dog foods that are specifically formulated for small breeds and contain the appropriate balance of proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals.

Dry vs. Wet Food

Both dry and wet dog foods can be suitable for Shih Tzus, but there are pros and cons to each. Dry food is generally more convenient and can help maintain dental health, while wet food can be more palatable and provide additional moisture, which is important for Shih Tzus prone to dehydration.

Homemade Diets

Some Shih Tzu owners prefer to prepare homemade meals for their furry companions. While this can be a great option, it’s essential to consult with a veterinarian or a pet nutritionist to ensure that the diet meets all of your Shih Tzu’s nutritional requirements.

Treats and Snacks

Treats and snacks can be a great way to bond with your Shih Tzu and reinforce positive behavior, but they should be given in moderation. Look for healthy, low-calorie treats that are specifically designed for small breeds, and avoid giving your Shih Tzu table scraps or human foods that can be harmful to their health.

Feeding Schedule and Portion Control

Establishing a consistent feeding schedule and practicing portion control are crucial for maintaining your Shih Tzu’s healthy weight and preventing obesity. Shih Tzus typically do well with two meals per day, spaced out evenly. Follow the recommended serving sizes on the dog food packaging, and adjust portions based on your Shih Tzu’s age, activity level, and body condition.

Hydration and Fresh Water

Proper hydration is essential for your Shih Tzu’s overall health and well-being. Always provide fresh, clean water and encourage your furry friend to drink regularly. Dehydration can lead to various health issues, including kidney problems and urinary tract infections.

Monitoring Your Shih Tzu’s Weight

Keeping an eye on your Shih Tzu’s weight is crucial for their health and longevity. Obesity can lead to various health problems, including joint issues, respiratory problems, and an increased risk of diabetes. Regularly weigh your Shih Tzu and adjust their diet and exercise routine as needed to maintain a healthy weight.

Addressing Dietary Sensitivities and Allergies

Some Shih Tzus may have food sensitivities or allergies that can cause digestive issues, skin problems, or other health concerns. If you notice any adverse reactions after introducing a new food or treat, consult with your veterinarian to identify the cause and develop an appropriate dietary plan.

Looking for information on how to care for your Shih Tzu? Check out our articles on Shih Tzu nutrition, best diet for Shih Tzu, Shih Tzu cross-breeding, potty training Shih Tzu, and potty training tips for Shih Tzu for all you need to know about keeping your furry friend happy and healthy!


Providing your Shih Tzu with a balanced and nutritious diet is essential for their overall health, happiness, and longevity. By understanding their dietary requirements, choosing high-quality dog food, establishing a consistent feeding schedule, and monitoring their weight, you can ensure that your furry companion thrives. Remember, every Shih Tzu is unique, and it’s essential to work closely with your veterinarian to develop a personalized feeding plan that meets your pet’s specific needs.

Britta Thygesen

Britta Thygesen

A passionate dog owner and a full-time certified dog trainer. Aspires to make DogCareHacks a go-to place for all the doggo info. Shares personal experience and professional knowledge.

We will be happy to hear your thoughts

      Leave a reply

      Dog Care Hacks