The Psychology of Tornjak Dogs in Protection Training

As a dog lover, you may have come across the magnificent Tornjak breed and their impressive abilities in protection training. However, understanding the psychology behind their instincts and behaviors can be a challenge for even the most experienced trainers. That’s why we’ve compiled a comprehensive guide to help you better understand the Tornjak dog’s history, characteristics, and protective instincts. Additionally, we’ll provide you with effective training techniques, solutions to common challenges, and the benefits of positive reinforcement training. By the end of this article, you’ll have a better appreciation for the unique traits of Tornjak dogs and be better equipped to train them for protection work.

Understanding Tornjak Dogs

Understanding Tornjak Dogs
Tornjak dogs, a breed known for their strong protective instincts, loyalty and intelligence, have been utilized for centuries to protect livestock and homes in the rural regions of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Today, these magnificent dogs continue to serve as outstanding protectors of their human families and homes, making them popular choices for protection training. However, before embarking on the journey of training your Tornjak, it is important to understand their history, characteristics, and role in the modern world in order to provide effective training. In this section, we will delve deeper into the world of Tornjak dogs to help you gain a better understanding of their psyche and how to train them for protection.

The History of Tornjak Dogs

The Tornjak dog breed has a rich history that dates back to ancient times. These dogs were initially bred by the nomadic shepherds of the Balkans and Croatia to protect their livestock from predators. As the breed evolved, they became popular among the farmers and villagers of the region for their exceptional guarding abilities.

Over time, the breed became recognized for their fierce loyalty and protective instincts. They were used to guard homes and villages, and were often employed by the military or police force for their ability to sense danger and attack on command.

Despite the breed’s storied past, the Tornjak dog population dwindled in the early 20th century due to the ravages of World War II. Fortunately, dedicated breed enthusiasts worked tirelessly to revive the breed, and the Tornjak made a successful comeback.

Today, the Tornjak is recognized as a national treasure in their homeland of Bosnia and Herzegovina. They are also gaining popularity in other countries as a working or protection dog. As a loyal and protective breed, the Tornjak is well suited for protection training.

If you’re interested in learning more about protection training for Tornjak dogs, check out our article on Tornjak protection training to get started.

The Characteristics of Tornjak Dogs

Tornjak dogs are a breed native to the Balkan regions and are known for their protective instincts and loyalty to their families. Their physical characteristics include a muscular build, a thick coat of fur, and a large head with a prominent snout. Tornjaks are also quite tall, with males typically standing between 65 and 75 cm (25-30 inches) while females are a bit smaller, standing around 60 to 70 cm (24-28 inches).

One of the most noteworthy characteristics of Tornjak dogs is their unwavering loyalty to their family. They are known for fiercely protecting their loved ones, making them a popular choice for guard dogs. Tornjaks are also independent thinkers and can be quite stubborn at times when they don’t want to follow commands.

Another hallmark of this breed is their alertness and strong senses, particularly their excellent sense of hearing. Tornjaks have a natural desire to bark and bark loudly, which can be problematic in some situations. It’s important for owners to train their Tornjak to understand when it’s appropriate to bark and when they should remain quiet.

Despite their protective nature, Tornjaks can also be quite gentle and affectionate with their families, especially children. Their natural loyalty and love make them wonderful family pets.

In terms of physical needs, Tornjaks require regular exercise and mental stimulation. They are active dogs that enjoy long walks and exploring the outdoors. Additionally, Tornjaks need regular grooming due to their thick coats of fur.

Understanding the characteristics of Tornjak dogs is crucial for developing an effective and safe training plan. By taking into account their loyalty, independence, and physical needs, owners can train their Tornjak properly and ensure a happy, healthy relationship with their pet.

The Role of Tornjak Dogs in the Modern World

The Tornjak dog has a rich history of serving as an excellent guardian and protector for livestock and families in the Balkan region. Today, Tornjak dogs still continue to serve many important roles in the modern world.

Farm Work: Tornjak dogs are highly skilled in their natural role of livestock guardians. They have a powerful protective instinct that allows them to keep watch over animals, protect them from predators, and alert their owners of any potential danger. As a result, Tornjak dogs are commonly used in farms and ranches to protect livestock such as sheep, goats, and cows.

Family Protection: Tornjak dogs are also highly valued as family pets due to their loyal and protective nature. Their strong protective instincts make them excellent guard dogs, and they are known for their ability to quickly respond to and deter potential threats. Many owners report feeling a sense of safety and security with a Tornjak by their side.

Law Enforcement: Due to their keen instincts and excellent senses, Tornjak dogs have also been used in various law enforcement capacities, including customs and border protection. They are known for their ability to detect and intercept contraband and other illegal substances.

Search and Rescue: Another role that Tornjak dogs excel at is search and rescue. Their strength, endurance, and ability to work in harsh environments make them a valuable asset to search and rescue teams.

The Tornjak dog is a well-rounded and versatile breed that can excel in many different roles. Whether they are protecting livestock on a farm, guarding a family, serving in law enforcement or search and rescue, Tornjak dogs continue to be highly valued for their loyalty, intelligence, and protective nature.

To learn more about starting Tornjak protection training, check out our article on starting Tornjak protection training, or if you’re interested in the essential commands for Tornjak dogs in protection training, read our article on essential commands for Tornjak dogs in protection training.

Psychology of Tornjak Dogs in Protection Training

Psychology Of Tornjak Dogs In Protection Training
As you delve deeper into training your Tornjak dog for protection, understanding their psychology becomes paramount. Tornjak dogs have a unique set of protective instincts that require careful management and training. This breed is known for being fiercely loyal and protective of their family and territory, and with proper guidance, they can excel in protection work. In this section, we will explore the psychology of Tornjak Dogs in protection training and discuss the various factors that impact their performance. From the importance of socialization to the benefits of positive reinforcement training, we will provide you with valuable insights to help you train your Tornjak dog more effectively. So, let’s get started!

The Protective Instincts of Tornjak Dogs

Tornjak dogs have an innate and strong protective instinct that makes them excellent guard dogs. This instinct is a result of their history as a breed that was primarily utilized for guarding and protecting livestock. Their protective instincts are evident in their behavior, as they are naturally wary of strangers and will bark to alert their owner of any potential threats.

Additionally, Tornjak dogs are fiercely loyal to their owners and will do anything to protect them from harm. This protective nature is one of the main reasons why Tornjak dogs are often used in protection training.

However, it is essential to understand that although Tornjak dogs possess a strong protective instinct, it is still essential to train them properly to channel their protective nature effectively. A poorly trained Tornjak that perceives a threat to their owner may become over-protective and overly aggressive towards people, which can lead to dangerous situations.

It is crucial to provide proper training for Tornjak dogs early on to ensure that their protective instincts don’t develop into behavior issues. When properly trained, Tornjak dogs can be excellent at providing security and protection for their owners.

If you are looking to train your Tornjak dog in protection, it is vital to understand the various techniques and methods that will help you achieve the intended results. It is also important to be aware of the common mistakes to avoid when training Tornjak dogs for protection, such as focusing too much on aggression rather than obedience. For a detailed guide on these mistakes, see our article on common training mistakes to avoid.

It is crucial to start training your Tornjak puppy early on, even before they reach the age of six months. Early training and socialization will help build a strong foundation for your dog as they mature. For more information on training Tornjak puppies for protection, see our article on puppy protection training.

If you’re struggling to find the right training techniques to teach your Tornjak dog, consider hiring a professional Tornjak protection trainer. These trainers have a wealth of knowledge and experience in training Tornjaks for guard duty, and they can help create a customized training plan that works best for your dog’s needs. For more information on finding the right trainer, see our article on finding the right Tornjak trainer.

Finally, it is essential to remember that the protective instincts of a Tornjak dog can be a double-edged sword. While it can provide security and protection for their owners, there are also risks involved. Proper training and socialization help mitigate these risks and ensure that your Tornjak dog can be both a loyal companion and a reliable protector. For more information on the benefits of Tornjak protection training, see our article on the benefits of protection training. For advanced Tornjak protection training, visit our article on advanced training techniques.

The Importance of Socialization and Obedience Training

Socialization and obedience training are crucial components in developing a well-adjusted and well-behaved Tornjak dog. Socialization is the process of introducing your Tornjak to different people, animals, and experiences in order to shape their behavior and attitude towards the world around them. Early socialization is particularly important for Tornjak puppies, as they are more receptive to new experiences and are in the prime developmental period from the ages of 3 to 14 weeks.

During this period, it is important to expose your Tornjak to a variety of people and animals in a positive and controlled manner. You can also introduce them to different sights, sounds, and environments such as parks, the beach, and other locations. By doing this, you can help prevent fear and aggression issues in the future.

Obedience training, on the other hand, is the process of teaching your Tornjak basic commands and behaviors that they should follow to keep them safe and well-behaved. Obedience training can build trust and respect between you and your Tornjak, making it easier to protect them and for them to follow your commands.

It’s important to start obedience training early in your Tornjak’s life, as this will help them form the habit of following commands. Use positive reinforcement techniques such as praise, food rewards, and fun activities to motivate your Tornjak to behave correctly.

In the following table are the key points for socialization and obedience training for Tornjak dogs:

SocializationObedience Training
Expose your Tornjak to new people, animals, and environmentsTeach basic commands such as sit, stay, come, and leave it
Use positive reinforcement techniquesStart training early in your Tornjak’s life
Control the interactions to prevent fear and aggression issuesBe consistent with commands and rewards

By prioritizing socialization and obedience training, you can ensure that your Tornjak dog is well-adjusted, responsive, and safe in different environments and situations.

The Benefits of Positive Reinforcement Training

Positive reinforcement training is a highly effective technique in training Tornjak dogs for protection. Here are some of the benefits of this training method:

  • Encourages good behavior: Positive reinforcement training rewards good behavior with treats, toys, or praise, which encourages the dog to repeat the behavior.
  • Builds trust and engagement: Positive reinforcement training helps build a strong bond between the dog and the trainer. It also encourages the dog to engage with the trainer and to be more motivated to learn.
  • Avoids fear and aggression: Punitive training methods can lead to fear and aggression in Tornjak dogs. Positive reinforcement training, on the other hand, focuses on rewarding good behavior and ignores bad behavior, which helps avoid negative outcomes.
  • Increases confidence: Positive reinforcement training helps build the dog’s confidence by rewarding it for performing good actions. This can help the Tornjak dog become more confident in its protective role and perform to the best of its ability.
  • Creates a fun and stimulating environment: Positive reinforcement training incorporates play and interaction, which makes it a more fun and stimulating experience for the Tornjak dog. This helps keep the dog engaged and focused on the training.

Positive reinforcement training is a highly beneficial technique that can help Tornjak dogs become confident, obedient, and highly effective protectors.

Effective Training Techniques for Tornjak Dogs

Effective Training Techniques For Tornjak Dogs
As a Tornjak dog owner, you want to ensure that your furry friend is well-trained and well-behaved. Effective training techniques are essential to help your Tornjak dog reach their full potential. With the right tools, equipment, and approach, you can teach your Tornjak dog new skills while strengthening your bond with them. In this section, we will explore some of the most effective training techniques for Tornjak dogs that can help them become excellent protectors and loyal companions. So, let’s dive right in and discover how to train your Tornjak dog the right way.

Using Training Tools and Equipment

There are a variety of training tools and equipment that can be used to effectively train Tornjak dogs in protection training. Here are some of the most popular ones:

  • Leash and collar: The leash and collar are basic tools that can be used to keep the dog under control during training. It is important to choose a collar that fits properly and does not cause discomfort or pain to the dog.
  • Muzzle: In some cases, using a muzzle may be necessary during training to prevent the dog from biting or attacking the trainer or other people. It is important to properly fit the muzzle and only use it when necessary.
  • Bite sleeve: A bite sleeve is a padded sleeve that is used to train the dog to bite and release on command. It is important to use a high-quality, properly padded bite sleeve that does not cause harm or discomfort to the dog.
  • Bite suit: A bite suit is a thick, padded suit that is worn by trainers during protection training. It allows trainers to safely simulate real-life scenarios where the dog may need to protect its handler. It is important to use a high-quality, well-fitting bite suit to ensure the safety of both the dog and the trainer.
  • Training ball: Using a training ball can help keep the dog engaged and focused during training. It can be used to teach the dog to bite and release on command, as well as to play fetch and other games.
  • Clicker: A clicker is a tool that can be used to reinforce positive behavior. The trainer clicks the clicker when the dog performs the desired behavior, and then rewards the dog with a treat or praise.

It is important to use these tools and equipment correctly and to never use them in a way that could cause harm or discomfort to the dog. Proper training tools and equipment can help make training more effective, but they should always be used in conjunction with positive reinforcement techniques and a clear hierarchy and set of expectations.

Establishing Clear Hierarchy and Expectations

Establishing a clear hierarchy and expectations is crucial when training a Tornjak dog for protection. Dogs are pack animals and they thrive on following a strong leader, which is why it’s important for the trainer to establish themselves as the pack leader.

One effective way to establish hierarchy is through the use of a training collar or a harness. These tools can be used to give the trainer greater control over the dog during training sessions. It’s important to note that these tools should be used as a means of communication and not as a punishment. The trainer should focus on using positive reinforcement to encourage the dog to behave appropriately.

Table: Examples of Training Collars and Harnesses

| Training Tool | Description |
| — | — |
| Flat Collar | Simple collar that sits around the dog’s neck. Used for identification and basic control. |
| Martingale Collar | Collar with limited closure to prevent slipping off the dog’s head. Used for dogs with narrow heads or dogs that tend to pull. |
| Head Halter | Halter that fits over the dog’s head and muzzle. Used to give the trainer greater control over the dog’s head and neck. |
| Front-Clip Harness | Harness with a front clip that discourages pulling by redirecting the dog’s attention. Good for dogs that tend to pull on walks. |
| Back-Clip Harness | Harness with a back clip that allows for more freedom of movement. Good for dogs that naturally tend to walk on a loose leash. |

In addition to using training tools, trainers should also establish clear expectations for the dog. This means setting boundaries and consistently enforcing them. For example, if the trainer doesn’t allow the dog on the furniture, then they need to consistently prevent the dog from getting on the furniture. If the trainer allows certain behavior one day and then punishes the dog for the same behavior the next day, the dog will become confused and won’t learn effectively.

Trainers should also consider the dog’s individual temperament and personality when establishing expectations. Some dogs may be naturally more submissive and will respond well to gentle guidance, while others may be more dominant and require a firmer hand.

Establishing clear hierarchy and expectations is essential for effective training of Tornjak dogs in protection work. A strong and consistent leader, combined with positive reinforcement and appropriate training tools, will help the dog understand what is expected of them and encourage them to excel in their role as a protector.

Ensuring Proper Physical and Mental Stimulation

Proper physical and mental stimulation is crucial for the development of Tornjak dogs, especially during protection training. These dogs are highly intelligent and require ample opportunities to use their problem-solving abilities. Here are some ways to ensure proper physical and mental stimulation for Tornjak dogs:

Agility TrainingTornjak dogs have a strong desire to work and learn new skills. Agility training is a great way to provide them with physical exercise and mental stimulation.
Obedience TrainingTornjak dogs need to understand what is expected of them as a protector. Obedience training can teach them how to properly respond to commands, providing them with mental stimulation.
Scent WorkTornjak dogs have a keen sense of smell and can benefit from scent work. This activity involves hiding objects and having the dog find them, providing mental stimulation.
Retrieving GamesTornjak dogs are bred to protect livestock and need to have a strong retrieval instinct. Retrieving games like fetch can provide them with physical exercise and mental stimulation.
Interactive ToysTornjak dogs love to play and interactive toys, such as puzzle feeders, can provide them with mental stimulation.

It’s essential to ensure that Tornjak dogs receive enough physical exercise and mental stimulation on a regular basis. Without these, Tornjak dogs may become bored, leading to destructive behavior and even aggression. Adopting a regular exercise routine and allotting time for mental stimulation can keep your Tornjak dog happy and healthy throughout their protection training.

Challenges and Solutions in Training Tornjak Dogs

Training Tornjak dogs for protection can be a challenging task because of their strong instinctual behaviors. As with any type of training, there are obstacles and issues that can arise, but with dedication and consistency, these challenges can be overcome. In this section, we will delve into the common challenges faced in training Tornjak dogs and provide effective solutions for addressing them. Let’s explore some of the most common obstacles and how to navigate through them.

Fear and Aggression Issues

Dealing with fear and aggression issues in Tornjak dogs can be a challenging task for any dog owner. These dogs, just like any other breed, can be prone to displaying fearful or aggressive behavior in certain situations. However, the good news is that with proper training and socialization, you can help your Tornjak dog overcome these issues.

One of the most important things to keep in mind when dealing with fear and aggression issues is that punishing your dog for displaying such behavior is not an effective solution. In fact, it can lead to more harm than good, as your dog may become even more fearful or aggressive.

Instead, you should focus on positive reinforcement training techniques, such as rewarding your dog for exhibiting calm and relaxed behavior in situations that would normally trigger fear or aggression. You should also work on gradually exposing your dog to the situations that trigger fear or aggression in a safe and controlled manner, so your dog can learn to face these situations without exhibiting such behavior.

Additionally, it’s important to understand the root cause of your dog’s fear or aggression. One common cause of fear and aggression in Tornjak dogs is a lack of socialization or exposure to new situations during their early stages of development. If this is the case, you should focus on gradually introducing your dog to new people, places, and experiences in a positive and controlled manner.

Another common cause of fear and aggression in Tornjak dogs is a past traumatic experience, such as an attack by another dog or a negative experience during training. In this case, you may need to work with a professional dog trainer or behaviorist to help your dog overcome their fear or aggression.

Ultimately, dealing with fear and aggression issues in Tornjak dogs requires patience, consistency, and a deep understanding of your dog’s individual needs and personality. With proper training and socialization, you can help your Tornjak dog overcome their fear and aggression and become a happy and well-adjusted member of your family.

Focus on positive reinforcement techniquesPunish your dog for fearful or aggressive behavior
Gradually expose your dog to triggering situations in a controlled mannerExpose your dog to triggering situations without proper preparation
Understand the root cause of your dog’s fear or aggressionIgnore or downplay your dog’s fear or aggression issues
Work with a professional dog trainer or behaviorist if necessaryTry to deal with fear or aggression issues on your own without seeking help
Be patient, consistent, and understanding of your dog’s individual needsExpect overnight results or a quick fix solution

Overprotection and Separation Anxiety

It is common for Tornjak dogs to develop overprotective behavior towards their owners or family members. This behavior can become problematic if it leads to aggression towards strangers or other animals.

Causes of Overprotection:

Overprotective behavior can stem from the dog’s natural instincts to protect their territory or pack members. It can also be a result of lacking proper socialization and obedience training. Owners need to ensure that they establish themselves as the pack leader and set clear boundaries for the Tornjak dog.

Signs of Overprotection:

The signs of overprotection in Tornjak dogs can include growling, barking, or even biting strangers or visitors. They may also exhibit signs of extreme attachment to their owners or family members, such as following them around constantly or becoming overly protective of their personal space.

Treating Overprotective Behavior:

To treat overprotective behavior in Tornjak dogs, owners should start by socializing the dog to different environments, people, and animals. It is also crucial to implement obedience training and positive reinforcement techniques to help the dog learn appropriate behaviors. Consistency and patience are key in training these dogs to behave properly.

Separation Anxiety:

Tornjak dogs can develop separation anxiety when they are separated from their owners or family members for extended periods. This anxiety can lead to destructive and disruptive behaviors, such as excessive barking, chewing, or digging.

Cause of Separation Anxiety:

Separation anxiety can result from a lack of proper training, socialization, or exercise. It can also be due to the dog’s attachment to their owner, causing them to feel anxious when the owner is not present.

Treating Separation Anxiety:

To treat separation anxiety in Tornjak dogs, owners should gradually acclimate the dog to being alone for short periods, and slowly work up to longer periods. This approach will help the dog build confidence and comfortability being away from their owner. Exercise and interactive toys can also help alleviate anxiety by providing mental and physical stimulation. It is essential for owners to remain patient and consistent in addressing their Tornjak dog’s separation anxiety.

While overprotective behavior and separation anxiety can be common among Tornjak dogs, it is important for owners to establish clear boundaries, implement positive reinforcement techniques, and address any behavioral issues through appropriate training and socialization. With consistency and patience, Tornjak dogs can become well-adjusted and well-behaved companions.

Consistency and Patience in Training

When it comes to effectively training Tornjak dogs, consistency and patience are key. These dogs are known for their independent nature and can be stubborn at times, so it is important to remain calm and consistent throughout the training process.

One way to ensure consistency is to establish a set routine for training sessions. This routine should include a specific time and place for training, as well as a structured sequence of commands and exercises. By following the same routine each time, the dog will learn to anticipate what is expected of them and will be more likely to respond appropriately.

Patience is also crucial, as Tornjak dogs may take longer to learn certain skills or behaviors. It is important to avoid becoming frustrated or angry, as this can create a negative association with training and may make the dog less receptive to learning. Instead, use positive reinforcement techniques to encourage desired behaviors and always provide plenty of praise and rewards for a job well done.

Establish a routine for training sessionsAvoid becoming frustrated or angry
Follow a set sequence of commands and exercisesUse positive reinforcement techniques
Be calm and consistent throughout the training processProvide plenty of praise and rewards for desired behaviors

Remember that Tornjak dogs are intelligent and independent, so they may not always respond immediately to training. However, with consistency, patience, and positive reinforcement, they will gradually learn to follow commands and exhibit the desired behavior. By staying calm and building a strong relationship with your Tornjak, you can create a happy and well-behaved companion that excels in protection training.


After delving into the world of Tornjak dogs and their psychology in protection training, it is clear that these dogs are a unique breed that requires special attention and training techniques. By understanding their history, characteristics, and role in the modern world, we can better comprehend their innate instincts and how it relates to their training.

The protective instincts of Tornjak dogs are incredibly strong, making them ideal for protection work. However, it is crucial to ensure that these instincts are channeled and controlled through socialization and obedience training. Positive reinforcement training has shown to be effective in building a strong relationship between the dog and the trainer.

Effectively training Tornjak dogs requires the use of proper tools and equipment, along with establishing clear hierarchy and expectations. Physical and mental stimulation is also important to ensure that the dog is both physically and mentally healthy.

Still, there are unique challenges that come with training Tornjak dogs. Fear and aggression issues can arise, and overprotection and separation anxiety are also common. Consistency and patience are crucial qualities to have when training a Tornjak dog.

Overall, if managed and trained properly, Tornjak dogs can be a wonderful addition to the right home. With their protective instincts and strong loyalty, they make excellent protectors and companions. However, it is important to approach their training with patience, empathy, and consistency to ensure the best possible outcome for all parties involved.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. How long does it take to train a Tornjak dog in protection training?

Training a Tornjak dog in protection can take anywhere from 6 months to 2 years, depending on the individual dog’s temperament, willingness to learn, and the consistency of the training.

2. Is it safe to have a Tornjak dog as a family pet?

Yes, Tornjak dogs can be great family pets, as long as they are properly socialized and trained. They are loyal, protective, and affectionate towards their owners and can be great with children if introduced properly.

3. Do Tornjak dogs have high exercise requirements?

Yes, Tornjak dogs are high-energy dogs and require regular exercise to maintain their physical and mental health. Daily walks, runs, or other physical activities are essential for these dogs.

4. What type of protection work are Tornjak dogs best suited for?

Tornjak dogs are best suited for protecting livestock, farm animals, and property. They are also used as guard dogs for homes and businesses.

5. Is positive reinforcement training effective for Tornjak dogs?

Yes, positive reinforcement training is an effective way to train Tornjak dogs. These dogs respond well to positive reinforcement techniques, such as treats, praise, and play.

6. How important is early socialization for Tornjak dogs?

Early socialization is crucial for Tornjak dogs. It helps them develop proper social skills and helps prevent behavior problems such as aggression towards other dogs and people.

7. Can Tornjak dogs be trained to be gentle with children?

Yes, Tornjak dogs can be trained to be gentle with children. However, it is important to supervise their interactions and to teach children how to approach and handle dogs safely.

8. Do Tornjak dogs have a high prey drive?

Yes, Tornjak dogs have a high prey drive and may chase smaller animals such as cats and squirrels. Early socialization and training can help minimize this behavior.

9. Are Tornjak dogs suitable for apartment living?

No, Tornjak dogs are not suitable for apartment living as they require a lot of space and exercise. They are best suited for homes with large yards or farms.

10. Can Tornjak dogs be trained to be non-aggressive towards strangers?

Yes, Tornjak dogs can be trained to be non-aggressive towards strangers through proper socialization and training. However, their protective instincts may still make them wary of strangers, which can be a good thing in some situations.


Matthew Farthing

Matthew Farthing

Сontributing author at DogCareHacks, Certified Dog Behavior Consultant.

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