When it comes to our furry companions, we want to ensure their health and well-being in every way possible. However, sometimes our beloved Shih Tzus can suffer from allergies, making them uncomfortable and unhappy. Allergies can be caused by various factors–from environmental allergens to flea bites to certain foods. As pet owners, it’s important to be able to identify the symptoms of these allergies in order to provide the proper treatment. In this article, we will explore the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of Shih Tzu allergies, so you can help your furry friend feel their best.

What are Shih Tzu allergies?

Shih Tzu allergies refer to a group of reactions that the breed can have to various substances in their environment. Shih Tzu allergies can cause symptoms such as itching, redness, inflammation, and general discomfort. Understanding the causes and treatment options can help you better manage your furry companion’s health.

Allergen TypeDescription
Environmental allergensThese types of allergens can include pollen, dust, mold, and other substances found in the dog’s surrounding environment.
Flea allergy dermatitisThis is a specific type of allergy that develops when the dog is bitten by fleas. It occurs in some dogs and can cause intense itching and skin irritation.
Food allergiesSome dogs develop allergies to certain ingredients in their food, such as beef, dairy, wheat, and chicken.
Contact dermatitisThis type of allergy occurs from direct contact with certain substances such as chemicals in cleaning products, soaps, shampoos, or rubber materials.

If your Shih Tzu displays any signs of allergies, such as scratching or chewing themselves constantly, rubbing their face, suffering from recurrent skin or ear infections, showing respiratory symptoms or having digestive issues after eating certain foods, it’s important to seek veterinary advice. Early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent complications and improve your dog’s overall health and well-being.

For example, if your Shih Tzu experiences skin problems, you can head over to our article on Shih Tzu skin problems for more information on how to manage this issue.

Causes of Shih Tzu allergies

Causes Of Shih Tzu Allergies
As pet owners, we want our furry friends to live a happy and healthy life. Unfortunately, just like humans, dogs can suffer from allergies that can affect their overall well-being. Shih Tzu dogs are no exception. Understanding the causes of Shih Tzu allergies is crucial in providing proper treatment and management for our beloved pets. In this section, we will discuss the various factors that can trigger allergies in Shih Tzu dogs including environmental allergens, flea allergy dermatitis, food allergies, and contact dermatitis. By understanding the root causes, you can take the necessary steps to prevent and treat your furry friend’s allergies.

Environmental allergens

Environmental allergens are substances present in the environment that can trigger an allergic reaction in Shih Tzus. These allergens can be found both indoors and outdoors, and identifying them can be challenging. Here are some common environmental allergens that can affect Shih Tzus:

PollenSneezing, watery eyes, itching
Dust mitesCoughing, wheezing, itching, skin rash
MoldSneezing, coughing, wheezing, skin rash
GrassSneezing, watery eyes, itching
WeedSneezing, watery eyes, itching
DustCoughing, wheezing, itching, skin rash

If your Shih Tzu shows any of these symptoms, it’s important to take them to the veterinarian for diagnosis and treatment. It’s also important to keep their living environment clean and free from potential allergens. Regular cleaning and dusting of their bedding, as well as vacuuming, can help reduce the amount of allergens present in the home. Additionally, air purifiers can help remove particles from the air. By managing their exposure to environmental allergens, you can help keep your furry friend healthy and happy.

If you notice that your Shih Tzu is experiencing respiratory issues, you may want to read more about Shih Tzu respiratory issues to learn how you can help them breathe easier.

Flea allergy dermatitis

Flea allergy dermatitis is a common condition that affects many Shih Tzu dogs. This allergic reaction is caused by a flea’s saliva, which can cause severe itching and discomfort for the dog. If left untreated, the excessive scratching and itching can lead to a number of complications such as skin infections, hair loss, and even severe dermatitis.

Symptoms of flea allergy dermatitis usually include severe itchiness, red skin, and small bumps around the base of the tail, groin area, and abdomen. Some pets may also exhibit signs of hair loss and have scaly or crusty skin. In some cases, this condition may also lead to hot spots, which are painful and can develop into secondary infections. To avoid such complications, it is essential to diagnose flea allergy dermatitis early and treat it promptly.

There are several ways to control flea allergy dermatitis in your Shih Tzu. First and foremost, it is necessary to get rid of fleas and their eggs from the dog’s environment. Frequent bathing and grooming will help to remove fleas and soothe the irritated skin. Keeping the living areas clean by regularly vacuuming and washing your pet’s bedding will also reduce its exposure to fleas.

Another treatment option for this condition is medications, such as flea preventive products, antihistamines, and steroids. Oral or topical steroids can help to reduce inflammation, relieve itching, and prevent further allergic reactions. Antihistamines can also help alleviate symptoms by blocking histamine receptors and reducing inflammation.

In severe cases, immunotherapy may be recommended, which involves desensitizing the dog’s immune system to flea saliva through a series of injections over several months. This will help to reduce the severity of the allergic reaction and prevent future complications.

On a final note, to prevent flea allergy dermatitis, it is important to maintain your Shih Tzu’s well-being by following a healthy diet rich in nutrients, engaging them in regular exercise, and keeping up with their vaccinations. You can read more about Shih Tzu nutrition importance and Shih Tzu exercise benefits on our website. Regular vet check-ups can also help identify any early signs of disease, and you can read more about the importance of regular vet check-ups for your Shih Tzu on our website. By following these key preventative measures, you can help your beloved pet live a healthy and happy life.

Food allergies

Food allergies in Shih Tzus can result from consuming certain types of food to which they are allergic. Common allergens for Shih Tzus include beef, chicken, lamb, fish, soy, wheat, and corn. In fact, these allergens are frequently present in commercial dog food.

If your Shih Tzu starts showing hypersensitivity symptoms after consuming food, it is important to take your dog to a vet to check for food allergies. The vet can run tests to confirm the specific type of food your dog is allergic to.


The symptoms of food allergies in Shih Tzus may include itchiness in the ears, feet, and rear end; vomiting and diarrhea; and skin rashes. In severe cases, food allergies can cause anaphylactic shock, which can be life-threatening.

It is important to note that food allergies in dogs are rare, and the symptoms of food allergies can be quite similar to those of environmental allergies or flea allergy dermatitis. It is crucial to visit a vet who can make a proper diagnosis.


The most effective way to treat food allergies in Shih Tzus is to switch to a special diet that does not contain the allergens. A hypoallergenic diet based on novel protein sources such as venison, duck, or fish may be recommended by your vet. Alternatively, homemade diets with novel protein sources can also be effective under the guidance of a vet or veterinary nutritionist.

Another option for treating food allergies is to perform an elimination diet trial. This involves feeding your Shih Tzu a restricted diet that eliminates all potential allergens for a period of eight to twelve weeks. You will then reintroduce specific foods one at a time to identify which foods cause an allergic reaction.


To prevent food allergies, make sure to feed your Shih Tzu a healthy, high-quality diet that does not contain any allergens. Be cautious about feeding your dog table scraps as they may contain ingredients that can trigger an allergic reaction.

Incorporate an appropriate diet and nutrition plan, like a homemade diet or a vet-recommended hypoallergenic diet. You can also talk to your vet about giving your Shih Tzu a daily multivitamin supplement to ensure that their diet provides all the necessary nutrients.

Providing proper nutrition can also help in managing other health issues such as Shih Tzu nutrition importance, Shih Tzu dental prevention, and Shih Tzu joint mobility issues.

Contact dermatitis

Contact dermatitis is a type of skin irritation that occurs when a Shih Tzu comes into contact with an allergen. This could be from anything ranging from cleaning solutions to fabrics, and can result in itching, redness, and inflammation.

Common triggers of contact dermatitis in Shih Tzu include:

Cleaning suppliesitchy and inflamed skin around the feet, stomach, and nose
Fabricitching, redness, and soreness in areas where the fabric comes into contact with the skin
Collars or harnessesredness and hair loss around the neck and head

If your Shih Tzu is experiencing contact dermatitis, it is important to remove the trigger and soothe the affected area. You can do this by washing the area with mild soap and water to remove any remaining allergens. Applying a cool compress can also help alleviate any irritation.

In severe cases, your veterinarian may recommend a topical ointment or prescribe medication to calm the Shih Tzu’s allergic reaction. Additionally, your vet may suggest switching to hypoallergenic grooming products or using a different type of collar or harness if those have been identified as the trigger.

It’s important to note that contact dermatitis can cause discomfort and pain for your furry friend, so it’s important to identify and address any potential allergens in their environment. By remaining vigilant to what your Shih Tzu comes in contact with, you can help prevent future instances of contact dermatitis.

If you’re interested in learning more about keeping your Shih Tzu healthy and happy, check out our article on mental health enrichment for Shih Tzu or our article on exercising your Shih Tzu. And don’t forget the importance of regular veterinarian check-ups, where you can discuss preventative measures like vaccinations to keep your furry friend healthy.

Symptoms of Shih Tzu allergies

Symptoms Of Shih Tzu Allergies
As a Shih Tzu owner, it’s essential to know the common signs and symptoms of allergies. Allergies are prevalent in Shih Tzus and can cause various issues. Symptoms of allergies can manifest in different ways, ranging from skin irritation to respiratory problems. Some signs of allergies may be subtle, while others may be more apparent. If you notice any of these symptoms in your Shih Tzu, it’s essential to bring it to the attention of your vet. Lack of proper care can lead to serious complications and discomfort for your furry friend. In some cases, the allergy symptoms can also be indicative of a more severe problem, such as those explored in our article about Shih Tzu eye problems.

Skin symptoms

Shih Tzus are prone to skin allergies, which can cause a range of discomforts for your furry friend. Skin allergies can be caused by the environment, food, and even contact with chemicals. Identifying skin allergies in Shih Tzus can be tricky, but there are several telltale signs that pet owners can look out for. Here are some common skin symptoms to look out for:

Itching and scratchingOne of the most common signs of skin allergies in Shih Tzus is itching and scratching. If you notice that your dog is constantly scratching or biting at their skin, it could be a sign of an allergy.
Redness or rashAllergic reactions in Shih Tzus can cause redness or a rash on the skin. This can be especially noticeable in areas with little hair or on the belly, groin, or armpits.
Hives or bumpsSimilar to humans, Shih Tzus can develop hives or raised bumps on their skin as a reaction to an allergen. These bumps can be itchy and uncomfortable for your pet.
Excessive sheddingShih Tzus may shed more than usual if they are experiencing a skin allergy. This is because the body is trying to get rid of any irritants through shedding.
OdorIf your Shih Tzu is suffering from a skin allergy, they may develop a strange odor due to bacteria buildup. You may notice an unpleasant smell even after giving your pet a bath.

If you notice any of these symptoms in your Shih Tzu, it’s important to take them to the vet as soon as possible. Your vet can help diagnose the allergy and create a treatment plan to help your furry friend feel better.

Respiratory symptoms

Shih Tzu allergies can also cause respiratory symptoms in your furry friend. These symptoms might include:

  • Sneezing: Frequent sneezing is a common symptom of respiratory allergies in Shih Tzus.
  • Coughing: Allergies can irritate the throat and lungs, causing coughing. This symptom should not be ignored, as it can indicate a more serious condition.
  • Runny nose: Your Shih Tzu may have a clear or discolored nasal discharge due to allergies.
  • Nasal congestion: Just like in humans, allergies can cause stuffiness in dogs, making it difficult for them to breathe.
  • Wheezing: In severe cases, allergies can trigger wheezing, which is a high-pitched sound that occurs when air flows through narrowed airways.

It’s important to remember that these respiratory symptoms can be caused by other underlying health conditions as well. If you notice any of these symptoms in your Shih Tzu, it’s crucial to take them to a vet for a proper diagnosis.

Ear symptoms

Shih Tzu allergies can also present with various ear symptoms. This is because allergies cause inflammation, which can affect the ears. Some of the ear symptoms to watch out for in a Shih Tzu with allergies include:

  • Ear infections: Allergies can cause inflammation in the ears, leading to an environment that promotes the growth of bacteria, yeast, and other microorganisms. This can cause ear infections, which are often characterized by a foul odor, discharge, redness, and itchiness. If you notice these symptoms in your Shih Tzu, it’s important to take them to the vet for treatment.
  • Ear scratching: Your Shih Tzu may scratch at their ears frequently if they have an allergy that is causing itchiness. This can lead to further irritation and even injuries to the ear, so it’s important to address the underlying allergy.
  • Head shaking: Shih Tzus with allergies may also shake their heads frequently or tilt them to one side. This is often a sign of discomfort or irritation in the ears.
  • Ear discharge: In addition to discharge noted with ear infections, allergies can also cause an increase in wax production, leading to buildup and potential blockages.

If you notice any of these ear symptoms in your Shih Tzu, it’s important to take them to the vet for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan. Allergies can be managed with medication and other interventions, but it’s important to address them promptly to avoid further health issues for your furry friend.

Diagnosing Shih Tzu allergies

Diagnosing Shih Tzu Allergies
When your Shih Tzu is exhibiting symptoms of allergies, it can be difficult to identify the specific cause. That’s where the diagnostic process comes in. Through a combination of allergy testing and elimination diets, a veterinarian can determine the root of your furry friend’s discomfort. But before we dive into the details, let’s explore why a proper diagnosis is so important for your Shih Tzu’s health and well-being.

Allergy testing

Allergy testing is an important step in diagnosing Shih Tzu allergies. There are two main types of allergy testing that a veterinarian may perform: skin testing and blood testing.

Skin testing involves injecting small amounts of common allergens into the skin to see if a reaction occurs. This type of testing can help identify environmental allergens like pollen, mold, and dust mites. The results are typically available within 20-30 minutes, making it a quick way to diagnose allergies.

Blood testing involves drawing a blood sample from the dog and testing it for antibodies to common allergens. This type of testing can help identify food allergies as well as environmental allergens. Results can take several days to come back, but this method is less invasive than skin testing and can be used on dogs who are taking certain medications that may interfere with skin testing.

Once the allergens have been identified, the veterinarian can create a customized treatment plan to help manage the dog’s allergies. This may include medications or immunotherapy, a treatment that gradually desensitizes the dog to the allergens.

It’s important to note that allergy testing should always be done under the supervision of a veterinarian, as it can be dangerous if not done properly. Additionally, certain medications may need to be discontinued prior to testing in order to ensure accurate results. Always follow your veterinarian’s instructions to ensure the safety and well-being of your Shih Tzu.

Elimination diet trial

If your Shih Tzu is suspected of having a food allergy, an elimination diet trial may be recommended by your veterinarian. The purpose of this diet is to identify the specific ingredient(s) causing the allergic reaction.

Here’s how an elimination diet trial works:

  1. Your veterinarian will suggest a novel protein and carbohydrate source for your Shih Tzu’s diet, one that they have not been exposed to before. This could be something like venison and sweet potatoes, for example.
  2. You will need to feed your Shih Tzu only this food and nothing else for at least 8-12 weeks. This includes treats, chew toys, and other foods or supplements.
  3. If your Shih Tzu’s symptoms improve during this time, it’s likely that they have a food allergy and the suspected ingredient(s) can be added back in one at a time to determine which is causing the problem.
  4. If there is no improvement, it’s possible that the allergy is not related to food and further testing will be needed to determine the cause.

Note: An elimination diet trial should only be done under the guidance and supervision of a veterinarian. It’s important to follow their instructions closely and not make any changes to your Shih Tzu’s diet without their approval. Additionally, it’s important to note that food allergies in dogs are relatively uncommon compared to environmental allergies, so it’s important to rule out other potential causes for your Shih Tzu’s symptoms before starting this process.

Treating Shih Tzu allergies

Treating Shih Tzu Allergies
As frustrating as Shih Tzu allergies can be for both pets and their owners, the good news is that they can be treated effectively. Treatment for Shih Tzu allergies typically involves a combination of management strategies and medications to control symptoms. It is essential to work closely with a veterinarian to determine the best course of treatment for your furry friend. In this section, we will explore various treatment options available for managing Shih Tzu allergies and managing your pet’s symptoms effectively. Let’s explore the options in detail.

Management of environmental allergies

One of the most common causes of allergies in Shih Tzus are environmental allergens. These can include pollen, dust mites, and mold spores. Managing environmental allergies in Shih Tzus involves a combination of environmental control, medications, and immunotherapy.

Environmental control is one way to manage environmental allergies in Shih Tzus. This involves minimizing the amount of exposure to the allergen. To achieve this, pet owners may need to make some changes in their homes, such as using air purifiers with HEPA filters, washing bedding frequently in hot water, and vacuuming daily to remove pet dander and other allergens. Additionally, pet owners should avoid exposing their Shih Tzus to potential environmental allergies, such as letting them play in grassy areas during high pollen season.

Medications can also be used to manage the symptoms of environmental allergies in Shih Tzus. Antihistamines, such as loratadine and cetirizine, can be used to reduce itching and redness caused by allergies. Steroids, such as prednisone, can also help to reduce inflammation caused by allergies. However, these medications should only be used under the guidance of a veterinarian.

Immunotherapy, also known as allergy shots, can be very effective in managing environmental allergies in Shih Tzus. This involves gradually exposing the Shih Tzu to small amounts of the allergen, with the goal of desensitizing their immune system to it. This can be a lengthy process, taking several months to a year, but can be very effective in reducing the severity of allergies in Shih Tzus.

Managing environmental allergies in Shih Tzus requires a combination of environmental control, medications, and immunotherapy. Pet owners should work closely with their veterinarian to develop a comprehensive plan to manage their Shih Tzu’s allergies.

Medications for allergy symptoms

If your Shih Tzu is suffering from allergy symptoms, medications can help relieve their discomfort. Here are some common medications prescribed by veterinarians for Shih Tzu allergies:

AntihistaminesThese drugs work by blocking histamine, which is released during an allergic reaction. Antihistamines are effective for relieving sneezing, itching, and other respiratory and skin symptoms, but their effectiveness can vary depending on the individual dog.
SteroidsThese powerful drugs can reduce inflammation and swelling caused by allergies. They are often prescribed as a short-term solution for severe allergic reactions, but long-term use can have negative side effects.
ImmunosuppressantsThese drugs work by suppressing the immune system, which can reduce the severity of allergic reactions. However, they can also make the dog more susceptible to infections and other health issues.

It’s important to note that these medications should only be given under the guidance and supervision of a veterinarian. The dosage and duration of treatment will depend on the individual dog’s condition and overall health. Medication alone may not be sufficient to manage your Shih Tzu’s allergies, and a combination of treatments may be necessary for effective relief.


Immunotherapy is a treatment option for Shih Tzu allergies that involves gradually introducing small amounts of the allergen to the dog’s immune system to build up a tolerance. This process is also known as allergy shots, and it can be an effective way to reduce the severity of allergy symptoms and improve the dog’s overall quality of life.

How does immunotherapy work?
Immunotherapy involves injecting small amounts of the allergen under the dog’s skin, usually on a weekly basis. Over time, the dose is gradually increased to help the dog’s immune system build up a tolerance to the allergen. Eventually, the dog should be able to tolerate exposure to the allergen without experiencing severe symptoms.

Who is a good candidate for immunotherapy?
Shih Tzus with severe allergies that cannot be managed with other treatments may benefit from immunotherapy. These allergies may include environmental allergens, food allergies, or a combination of both. To determine if a dog is a good candidate for immunotherapy, they will need to undergo allergy testing to identify the specific allergens that are causing their symptoms.

What are the benefits of immunotherapy?
Immunotherapy can help reduce the severity of allergy symptoms and improve the dog’s quality of life. It can also reduce the need for medications, which can have side effects and may not be as effective as immunotherapy in some cases. Additionally, immunotherapy can provide long-lasting relief from allergy symptoms, as opposed to medications which only provide temporary relief.

What are the drawbacks of immunotherapy?
Immunotherapy can be time-consuming and expensive, as the dog will need to receive regular injections over a period of several months to years. Additionally, some dogs may not respond well to immunotherapy or may experience side effects such as swelling or itching at the injection site. Finally, immunotherapy may not be effective for all types of allergies and may not be a viable option for some dogs.

Immunotherapy can be an effective treatment option for Shih Tzu allergies in some cases. However, it is not a cure and may not be suitable for all dogs. If you are considering immunotherapy for your Shih Tzu, talk to your vet to determine if it is the right choice for your dog’s specific needs.

Flea control

Keeping your Shih Tzu free of fleas is an important step in managing and preventing allergies. Flea allergy dermatitis is one of the most common causes of skin irritation in dogs. Not only can fleas cause severe itching and discomfort, but they can also transmit other parasites and diseases. Effective flea control can help reduce your Shih Tzu’s exposure to these harmful pests.

1. Regular grooming: Regular grooming is an essential part of flea control. Use a fine-toothed flea comb to check your dog’s fur for fleas and flea dirt. Wetting the comb may help fleas stick to it better. Be sure to dispose of any fleas in hot soapy water to kill them. Additionally, bathing your Shih Tzu with flea shampoo can help remove fleas and their eggs from its skin and coat.

2. Flea medication: There are many prescription and over-the-counter flea preventive products available to control and prevent fleas. Topical treatments, such as Frontline or Advantage, can be applied to the skin on the back of the neck, while oral medications, such as Bravecto, can be given as a chewable tablet. Ask your veterinarian which flea control option would be best for your Shih Tzu.

3. Environmental control: Fleas can live in carpets, bedding, and furniture. Regularly vacuuming and washing bedding can help remove fleas and their eggs from the environment. Additionally, using a flea spray or fogger can help kill fleas in your home.

By regularly controlling fleas and keeping your Shih Tzu’s environment clean, you can help prevent flea allergy dermatitis and reduce itching and discomfort.

Special diets for food allergies

If your Shih Tzu has a food allergy, it is essential to determine the ingredient which triggers the reaction and provide the dog with a special diet. There are several options for food for dogs with allergies. Here are some of the most common special diets for Shih Tzu with food allergies:

Diet TypeDetails
Novel protein dietThis type of diet involves feeding the Shih Tzu a protein source it hasn’t eaten before. Some common options include venison, buffalo, or duck.
Hydrolyzed protein dietThis diet involves feeding the dog a type of protein that has been broken down into smaller pieces, making it easier for the dog to digest without causing an allergic reaction. This type of diet is typically prescribed by a veterinarian.
Grain-free dietSome dogs may experience allergies to grains such as wheat or corn. A grain-free diet may help alleviate symptoms caused by these allergies. However, it is important to note that grain-free diets should only be used for diagnosed grain allergies, and not as a general approach to feeding.
Prescription dietsSome veterinarians may prescribe a diet specifically tailored to your Shih Tzu’s allergies. These diets are typically available only through veterinary clinics and may be more expensive than other options.

It is important to note that any changes in diet should be done gradually to avoid further gastrointestinal upset. Additionally, it is important to read the labels on any new food carefully to ensure that it does not contain any of the ingredients that trigger your Shih Tzu’s allergy. If you are unsure of which type of special diet is right for your dog, consult with your veterinarian to determine the best course of action.

Preventing Shih Tzu allergies

As pet owners, we all want our furry friends to be healthy and happy. One of the ways to ensure this is by preventing Shih Tzu allergies. These can be caused by allergens in the environment, food, or even contact with certain irritants. While it may not always be possible to completely prevent allergies, there are steps you can take to minimize the risks. By following some simple prevention techniques, you can help keep your Shih Tzu free from allergic reactions and improve their overall quality of life. Let’s explore some of the best prevention methods you can use starting today.

Regular grooming

Keeping your Shih Tzu clean is a crucial part of preventing allergies from developing or getting worse. Regular grooming is essential to maintain the health of your dog’s skin and coat. Here are some tips to help you keep your Shih Tzu’s coat clean:

  • Brush and comb your dog’s hair daily: This will help remove dirt, debris, and loose hair from your dog’s coat, and keep it from becoming matted or tangled. Use a brush appropriate for your dog’s coat type, and be gentle when brushing to avoid hurting your dog’s skin.
  • Bathe your dog regularly: Regular baths will help remove allergens that may be sticking to your dog’s coat. Use a shampoo that is gentle and formulated for dogs, and thoroughly rinse your dog to avoid leaving any soap residue that can irritate their skin.
  • Trim your dog’s hair: Long hair can trap dirt and allergens, so regular trimming will help keep your dog’s coat clean. This is especially important in the areas around their eyes, nose, and anus. If you are not confident in trimming your dog’s hair on your own, consider taking them to a professional groomer.
  • Clean your dog’s paws: Pollen and other allergens can stick to your dog’s paws, so cleaning them regularly will help reduce the risk of exposure. Use a damp cloth to wipe their paws after each walk, and consider keeping a shallow container of water near the door for them to step into.

Remember, regular grooming is not just about making your Shih Tzu look good. It is a crucial part of keeping them healthy and preventing allergies. By following these tips and maintaining a regular grooming routine, you can help keep your Shih Tzu’s coat clean and healthy, and reduce the risk of allergies developing.

Clean living environment

A clean living environment is crucial for preventing and managing Shih Tzu allergies. Dogs with allergies, especially those with environmental allergies, are sensitive to even small amounts of allergens in the air or on surfaces. Here are some tips to help you maintain a clean living environment for your Shih Tzu:

  • Clean your home: Regularly clean your floors, carpets, and surfaces to minimize the amount of dust, pollen, and other allergens in your home. Use a vacuum with a HEPA filter to ensure that you are effectively removing allergens from your floors and carpets. Additionally, consider using an air purifier in your home to filter out airborne allergens.
  • Wash your dog’s bedding: Your Shih Tzu’s bedding should be washed regularly to minimize the accumulation of dust, pollen, and other allergens that can cause allergies. Use a fragrance-free detergent and avoid using fabric softeners or dryer sheets, which can also cause allergies in some dogs.
  • Bathe your Shih Tzu: Giving your Shih Tzu regular baths can help remove allergens from their coat and skin. However, be careful not to over-bathe your dog, as excessive bathing can lead to skin dryness and irritation. Use a gentle shampoo that is specifically formulated for dogs, and consider using a conditioner to help soothe your dog’s skin.
  • Minimize exposure to allergens: Try to limit your Shih Tzu’s exposure to common allergens that can cause allergies, such as pollen, mold, and dust mites. Keep your windows and doors closed during peak allergy seasons, and avoid taking your dog for walks during times of high pollen count. Additionally, avoid using harsh cleaning products that can cause skin irritation in your dog.

By following these tips, you can help keep your Shih Tzu’s living environment clean and allergen-free, which can help prevent or manage their allergies. Remember to speak with your veterinarian about any additional recommendations they may have to help manage your Shih Tzu’s allergies.

Proper diet and nutrition

A proper diet and nutrition can play a big role in preventing Shih Tzu allergies. It is important to give your Shih Tzu a well-balanced diet that meets all their nutritional requirements. Here are some tips to ensure your Shih Tzu gets the right nutrition:

Nutrition TipsExplanation
Feed a high-quality dog foodChoose a dog food that has real meat as the first ingredient and doesn’t contain fillers or artificial preservatives. Look for a food that meets the Association of American Feed Control Officials standards to ensure it has the necessary nutrients for your dog’s health.
Avoid common food allergensSensitive Shih Tzus may be allergic to common food allergens such as chicken, beef, corn, soy, and wheat. Avoid these ingredients or test with a limited ingredient diet to see if it helps alleviate any allergy symptoms.
Add Omega-3 fatty acids to your dog’s dietOmega-3 fatty acids can help reduce inflammation in the body, which can alleviate allergy symptoms. You can add this to your dog’s diet through supplements or by feeding them foods such as salmon, flaxseed, or chia seeds.
Provide plenty of fresh waterMake sure your Shih Tzu always has access to fresh water. Dehydration can lead to dry skin and predispose your dog to skin allergies.

By following these tips, you can help ensure that your Shih Tzu has a balanced diet that can help prevent allergy symptoms. However, if you suspect that your dog has a food allergy, it is important to work with your veterinarian to determine the cause and appropriate treatment plan.

Regular vet check-ups

Visiting the vet regularly is vital not only for maintaining the overall health and well-being of your Shih Tzu, but it can also play a significant role in identifying and treating potential allergies early on. During these check-ups, your veterinarian can conduct a physical exam of your dog, take blood or skin samples, and recommend any necessary treatments or preventive measures.

Here are some benefits of regularly visiting the vet for your Shih Tzu’s allergy management:

Early detection of allergies: Regular check-ups can help identify potential allergic reactions that may have gone unnoticed by the owner. If left untreated, allergies can worsen over time and lead to more significant health problems.
Monitoring of ongoing treatments: If your Shih Tzu is already receiving treatment for allergies, regular check-ups with the vet can ensure that the treatment plan is working effectively and adjust it if necessary.
Preventive measures: A vet can recommend preventive measures to avoid the onset of allergies in your Shih Tzu or suggest treatments that can help reduce the chances of allergies developing in the future.
Identification of related health issues: Allergies can sometimes be associated with other underlying health conditions. Regular check-ups can help detect any related issues that may be causing or exacerbating Shih Tzu allergies.
Expert advice: Veterinarians can provide expert advice and guidance on how to manage your Shih Tzu’s allergies effectively. They can also recommend suitable medication or suggest alternative therapies that may be beneficial to your dog.

It is essential to schedule regular check-ups with your veterinarian to ensure that your Shih Tzu is healthy and allergy-free. By doing so, you can take preventative action, identify and manage allergies effectively, and maintain a happy, healthy pup.


In conclusion, dealing with Shih Tzu allergies can be challenging, but there are effective strategies for managing and treating them. The first step is to identify the underlying cause of the allergy, which could be environmental, flea-related, food-related, or due to contact dermatitis. Once the cause is identified, there are different methods for managing and treating the allergy.

Grooming is an important preventive measure for environmental allergies, as it helps reduce exposure to allergens. Regular bathing and brushing can also help reduce the severity and frequency of respiratory and skin symptoms. Additionally, keeping a clean living environment can also help reduce exposure to allergens and prevent allergic reactions.

Proper nutrition is important for overall health and can also prevent food allergies, which are another common cause of Shih Tzu allergies. Special diets may be required for dogs with food allergies, and it’s important to work with a veterinarian to identify the specific allergen and find an appropriate diet.

Veterinary care is essential for diagnosing and treating Shih Tzu allergies. Allergy testing and elimination diet trials can help identify the underlying cause, while medications and immunotherapy can provide relief from symptoms and prevent future reactions. Preventive measures, such as flea control, are also important.

In summary, managing Shih Tzu allergies requires a combination of preventive measures, veterinary care, and ongoing attention to the dog’s environment and nutrition. By working closely with a veterinarian and taking proactive steps, it is possible to minimize the impact of allergies and ensure a happy, healthy life for your Shih Tzu.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are some common environmental allergens that can affect Shih Tzus?

Common environmental allergens include pollen, dust mites, mold, and dander from other animals.

Can Shih Tzus develop food allergies?

Yes, Shih Tzus can develop food allergies to ingredients such as beef, chicken, dairy, and grains.

What are the symptoms of flea allergy dermatitis in Shih Tzus?

Symptoms include extreme itching, redness and swelling of the skin, hair loss, and scabs or crusts on the skin.

How can contact dermatitis affect Shih Tzus?

Contact dermatitis can cause skin irritation and itching due to exposure to substances such as chemicals in grooming products or lawn treatment chemicals.

What are some common respiratory symptoms of Shih Tzu allergies?

Symptoms include coughing, sneezing, and shortness of breath.

What is the process for allergy testing in Shih Tzus?

Allergy testing typically involves either a blood test or a skin test, which can help identify specific allergens affecting the dog.

What is an elimination diet trial for Shih Tzu food allergies?

An elimination diet trial involves feeding the dog a new diet with limited ingredients, and gradually reintroducing potential allergens to identify which ingredients are causing the allergy.

What medications can be used to manage Shih Tzu allergy symptoms?

Antihistamines, steroids, and immunosuppressants can all be used to manage allergy symptoms in Shih Tzus.

What is immunotherapy for Shih Tzu allergies?

Immunotherapy involves exposing the dog to small amounts of the allergen over time, gradually building up their tolerance to the allergen and reducing symptoms.

How can regular grooming help prevent Shih Tzu allergies?

Regular grooming can help reduce exposure to environmental allergens and keep the dog’s skin healthy and free of allergens.


Britta Thygesen

Britta Thygesen

A passionate dog owner and a full-time certified dog trainer. Aspires to make DogCareHacks a go-to place for all the doggo info. Shares personal experience and professional knowledge.

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