The Dangers of Overfeeding Your Shih Tzu


As much as we all love our furry companions, it’s important to acknowledge that sometimes we can inadvertently put their health in danger. One such danger is overfeeding our Shih Tzus. While it may be tempting to give them extra treats and table scraps or let them indulge in a little extra kibble, excess weight can have serious consequences for their health and well-being. In this article, we’ll explore the dangers of overfeeding your Shih Tzu and the steps you can take to avoid them.

Why Is Overfeeding Your Shih Tzu Dangerous?

Overfeeding your Shih Tzu can be extremely dangerous and has been linked to a number of health problems in dogs. Shih Tzus, in particular, are prone to obesity and are at a higher risk for health issues related to overfeeding. Here are some of the reasons why overfeeding your Shih Tzu can be harmful:

Health RisksDescription
Obesity and Related Health IssuesShih Tzus that are overfed can quickly become overweight or even obese. This can cause a wide range of health problems such as heart disease, diabetes, and breathing difficulties.
Joint and Mobility ProblemsCarrying around extra weight can put a lot of stress on a Shih Tzu’s bones and joints. Over time, this can lead to joint pain, arthritis, and other mobility issues.
Digestive Problems and BloatIf your Shih Tzu eats too much, they are at risk for developing digestive problems such as constipation and diarrhea. Additionally, overeating can cause bloat, which is a potentially life-threatening condition in dogs.

As a responsible pet owner, it’s important to monitor your Shih Tzu’s weight and feeding habits to ensure that they stay healthy throughout their life. If you’re unsure about the best way to feed your Shih Tzu, seek the advice of a veterinarian. They can provide you with personalized recommendations for feeding your dog and help you avoid the risks associated with overfeeding. Additionally, there are many resources available to help you choose the best food for your Shih Tzu’s needs. Consider checking out our articles on the best food for Shih Tzus, wet vs dry food for Shih Tzus, and DIY Shih Tzu food recipes. Taking the time to educate yourself on proper feeding habits can go a long way in keeping your beloved pet happy and healthy.

How Can You Tell If Your Shih Tzu is Overweight?

One common problem for many pet owners is overfeeding their furry friends. Shih Tzus are no exception. These adorable little dogs are prone to weight gain, and it’s essential to keep an eye on their diet to ensure they maintain a healthy weight. So, how can you tell if your Shih Tzu is overweight?

The first step is to note their body shape and size. A Shih Tzu should have a slightly rounded abdomen, but it should not be excessive. You should be able to feel their ribs without too much effort, but they should not be visible. A useful way to determine if your dog is in a healthy weight range is by referring to a weight chart or body condition chart. These charts show the average weight for a dog breed and the ideal body score range for a healthy weight.

Another way to determine if your Shih Tzu is overweight is by performing a body condition score (BCS) test. This test is conducted by feeling specific areas of your dog’s body and assessing how much fat they have. You can use an html table to display this information:

Area of the bodyWhat to look and feel forIdealOverweight/Obese
RibsYou should be able to feel their ribs with slight pressure.Ribs are easily palpable, with no excess fat covering.Ribs are difficult to palpate through the thick fat layer.
WaistRun your hands along their back, and there should be a visible indentation behind the ribs.A visible waistline, with a slight hourglass figure.Lack of a waistline, or even a bulging waist.
AbdomenRun your hands along their belly, and it should not sag or sway when they walk.The abdomen is tucked up when viewed from the side, not roached or bloated.The belly hangs low, and there may be a roll of fat along the underside.

If you have any doubts about your Shih Tzu’s weight, consult your veterinarian. They can help you determine if your pup needs a special diet or supplements to help maintain a healthy weight. It’s also essential to note that food allergies can cause weight gain or loss, so it’s crucial to choose the right food for your dog.

It’s vital to keep an eye on your Shih Tzu’s weight to ensure they stay healthy and happy. By preventing overfeeding, you can help prevent associated health risks such as obesity, joint and mobility problems, and digestive issues. Refer to weight charts, perform BCS tests, and seek advice from your veterinarian to maintain your Shih Tzu’s health. Also, check our guide on switching Shih Tzu’s diet for more information on how to manage your dog’s nutrition properly.

The Risks of Overfeeding Your Shih Tzu

The Risks Of Overfeeding Your Shih Tzu
As a dog owner, it can be tempting to overindulge your furry friend with treats and extra scoops of food. However, overfeeding your Shih Tzu can have serious consequences for their health and well-being. By ignoring portion control and allowing your pup to become overweight, you risk exposing them to a variety of health issues. Here are some dangers you should be aware of if you overfeed your Shih Tzu.

Obesity and Related Health Issues

Overfeeding your Shih Tzu can lead to obesity, which can cause a range of health issues. Here are some of the related health issues that your Shih Tzu may experience if they are overweight:

  • Diabetes: Obesity can increase the risk of diabetes in Shih Tzus. Insulin resistance and high blood sugar levels are common in overweight dogs, and they can lead to diabetes over time.
  • Heart disease: Obesity puts extra strain on your dog’s heart, which can ultimately lead to heart disease. This is especially true if your Shih Tzu is also sedentary and doesn’t get much exercise.
  • Joint problems: Overweight Shih Tzus are at a higher risk of developing joint problems, such as arthritis. The added weight puts stress on their joints, which can cause them to wear out more quickly.
  • Respiratory issues: When Shih Tzus are overweight, it can be harder for them to breathe properly. This can cause respiratory issues and make it harder for them to exercise and play.
  • Shortened lifespan: Overfeeding your Shih Tzu and causing them to become overweight can ultimately shorten their lifespan. They may be more prone to diseases and have a lower immune system, as obesity can affect a dog’s overall health.

It is important to keep your Shih Tzu at a healthy weight to prevent these related health issues. You can achieve this by monitoring their diet and exercise routine, and ensuring that they are getting the right amount of food and physical activity.

Joint and Mobility Problems

Overfeeding your Shih Tzu can lead to various health issues and one of the most common ones is joint and mobility problems. When dogs are overweight, their joints and bones have to support extra weight, which can lead to damage and strain.

Joint and mobility problems in Shih Tzus caused by overfeeding:

ArthritisJoint inflammation and painMedication, exercise, weight management
Disk ProblemsBulging or herniated disks in the spineRest, medication, surgery
Torn LigamentsDamage to tissue that connects bonesSurgery, rest

Arthritis is the most common joint problem in dogs and can happen to Shih Tzus as well. Overfeeding can increase the risk of arthritis and add extra strain to the joints, causing stiffness and pain. Treatment options for arthritis include medication, exercise, and weight management.

Disk problems can also occur in overweight Shih Tzus. Extra weight puts pressure on the spine and can cause disk herniation or bulging, which can be extremely painful. Treatment for disk issues usually involves rest, medication, and in more severe cases, surgery.

Torn ligaments can also occur in Shih Tzus who are not at a healthy weight. Ligament damage can cause extreme pain and lead to difficulty walking or standing. Surgery may be required to fix torn ligaments, but rest is also essential for proper healing.

It’s important to prevent overfeeding your Shih Tzu to prevent joint and mobility problems. Regular exercise and a balanced diet can help maintain a healthy weight and reduce the risk of these types of health issues.

Digestive Problems and Bloat

Overfeeding your Shih Tzu can cause digestive problems and potentially lead to bloat, a serious and potentially life-threatening condition. Bloat occurs when a dog’s stomach fills with gas, fluid or food and begins to expand. This can cause the stomach to twist, cutting off blood supply to the stomach and other organs, which can lead to organ failure.

There are a few symptoms of bloat that you should be aware of, including excessive drooling, retching without producing vomit, weakness, and restlessness. If you notice any of these symptoms, you should take your Shih Tzu to the vet immediately.

In addition to bloat, overfeeding can also lead to other digestive problems, such as constipation, diarrhea, and vomiting. These issues can be uncomfortable and even painful for your Shih Tzu, and may lead to long-term health issues if not addressed promptly.

To prevent digestive problems and bloat, it’s important to feed your Shih Tzu an appropriate portion size, avoid feeding them table scraps and treats, and make sure they get enough exercise. Additionally, it’s important to feed your Shih Tzu a high-quality dog food that is easy to digest and contains all the necessary nutrients.

Some tips to aid digestion include feeding smaller, more frequent meals, providing access to fresh water at all times, and avoiding feeding your Shih Tzu immediately before or after exercise. By taking these steps, you can help keep your Shih Tzu healthy and happy for years to come.

Factors That Contribute to Overfeeding in Shih Tzus

Factors That Contribute To Overfeeding In Shih Tzus
As loving pet owners, we often want to show our Shih Tzus affection in the form of treats and extra portions. However, this can lead to overfeeding and potential health issues. Understanding the factors that contribute to overfeeding can help us take steps to prevent them. Let’s take a closer look at some of these factors:

Inappropriate Portion Sizes

One of the major factors that contribute to overfeeding in Shih Tzus is inappropriate portion sizes. It’s important to feed the right amount of food to your furry friend to avoid obesity and related health issues.

Many pet owners face perplexity when it comes to determining the appropriate portion size for their Shih Tzu. It’s important to note that portion sizes may vary depending on your dog’s age, weight, and activity level. Feeding too much can lead to weight gain and other health problems.

Here are some tips to help you determine the appropriate portion size for your Shih Tzu:

  • Read the feeding guidelines provided on the food packaging. The guidelines typically indicate the recommended portion size based on your dog’s weight.
  • Consult your veterinarian. They may recommend a specific portion size based on your Shih Tzu’s individual needs.
  • Weigh your dog regularly to monitor their weight. Adjust the portion size as needed.
  • Don’t free-feed your dog. This means leaving their food out all day for them to graze on. Instead, feed them at designated times throughout the day.

By following these tips, you can ensure that you are feeding your Shih Tzu the appropriate amount of food and avoiding the risks of overfeeding.

Treats and Table Scraps

It can be tempting to give your Shih Tzu treats or scraps from the table, but doing so can contribute to overfeeding and weight gain. While it’s okay to give your furry friend an occasional treat, it’s important to understand how treats factor into their diet.

Treats can be a source of excess calories, which can lead to weight gain or obesity. When choosing treats for your Shih Tzu, it’s important to read the labels and look for options that are low in calories and made with high-quality ingredients. Additionally, you should factor the calories from treats into your dog’s daily caloric intake. As a general rule, treats should make up no more than 10% of your Shih Tzu’s daily caloric intake.

Table scraps can also be a source of excess calories, as well as potentially harmful ingredients. While it may be tempting to share your food with your dog, table scraps can contribute to digestive issues, including diarrhea and vomiting. Some human foods, such as chocolate and grapes, can be toxic to dogs.

To keep your Shih Tzu healthy and avoid overfeeding, it’s best to avoid table scraps altogether. Instead, opt for healthy, low-calorie treats specifically made for dogs. If you do give your dog table scraps, do so sparingly and only offer foods that are safe and healthy for them. The table below outlines some safe and healthy snack options for Shih Tzus.

Treat TypeDescription
Fruits/VeggiesSlices of apple or carrot, green beans, blueberries, or bananas (in moderation)
Small Dog TreatsLow-calorie dog treats specifically designed for small breeds
Rice Cakes or Corn TortillasLow-calorie, low-fat treats that are also easy on the digestive system

Remember, moderation is key when it comes to treats and table scraps. By choosing healthy options and limiting the amount you give your Shih Tzu, you can help prevent overfeeding and keep your dog healthy and happy.

Lack of Exercise

Studies have shown that a lack of exercise can significantly contribute to overfeeding and obesity in Shih Tzus. This is especially true for dogs who spend most of their day indoors or are not taken out for regular walks. Not providing enough exercise can lead to a slower metabolic rate, which means that your Shih Tzu is not burning as many calories as they should be. Additionally, a lack of exercise can make your dog feel sluggish and less motivated to move, which can further exacerbate the problem of obesity.

To prevent a lack of exercise from contributing to overfeeding in your Shih Tzu, it’s important to make sure that they get enough physical activity each day. This can include taking them on walks, playing in the backyard, or engaging in other forms of exercise that your dog enjoys.

Here are some ways to ensure that your Shih Tzu gets enough exercise:

Regular WalksTake your Shih Tzu on a brisk walk around the neighborhood once or twice a day. This helps them burn off excess calories.
Backyard PlaytimeEncourage your Shih Tzu to play in the backyard by throwing a ball or toy. This is a great way for your dog to get some exercise and have fun at the same time.
Doggy PlaydatesArrange playdates with other dogs in the neighborhood. This not only provides exercise for your Shih Tzu, but also helps them socialize with other dogs.
Interactive ToysGive your Shih Tzu interactive toys, such as puzzle feeders, to keep them stimulated and engaged. This can provide a mental challenge as well as physical exercise.

By making sure that your Shih Tzu gets enough exercise each day, you can help prevent overfeeding and the associated health risks. Remember, a healthy and active Shih Tzu is a happy Shih Tzu!

How to Prevent Overfeeding in Your Shih Tzu

As a responsible Shih Tzu owner, preventing overfeeding is crucial to your furry friend’s health and well-being. But with so many factors contributing to overeating, it can be perplexing to know where to start. No worries! We’ve got you covered with some tried-and-true methods for keeping your Shih Tzu healthy and happy. Follow these simple tips, and you’ll avoid the dangers of overfeeding in no time.

Feeding the Right Amount

Feeding your Shih Tzu the right amount of food is crucial in preventing overfeeding and subsequent health complications. It’s important to consult with your veterinarian to determine how much food your Shih Tzu needs according to its weight, age, and activity level. To ensure that you’re feeding the right amount, you can follow these tips:

  • Use a measuring cup to accurately portion out your Shih Tzu’s meals. Don’t rely on guesswork or estimates as it’s easy to overfeed this way.
  • Divide your dog’s daily food intake into two or three smaller meals to prevent them from overeating and feeling hungry between mealtimes.
  • Avoid free-feeding or leaving food out all day as this encourages overeating and makes it difficult to monitor your Shih Tzu’s food intake.
  • Monitor your Shih Tzu’s body condition regularly to ensure that it’s maintaining a healthy weight. You should be able to feel their ribs without having to press too hard, and they should have a visible waistline.

By feeding your Shih Tzu the right amount of food and monitoring their body condition regularly, you’ll be able to keep them at a healthy weight and prevent the risks associated with overfeeding.

Choosing the Right Food

When it comes to choosing the right food for your Shih Tzu, there are a few things to keep in mind. Here are some tips to help you make the best choice for your furry friend:

  • Read the Ingredients List: Before purchasing any dog food, make sure to read the ingredients list on the packaging. Look for high-quality protein sources like chicken, turkey, or fish, as well as healthy fats and carbohydrates. Avoid foods that contain fillers, by-products, or artificial preservatives and flavors.
  • Consider Your Shih Tzu’s Age and Size: Different stage of life require different nutrition. Make sure to select food that meets the nutritional needs of your Shih Tzu, based on its size and age. For example, puppies may require more protein and calories to support their growth, while senior dogs will benefit from a diet lower in calories and fat to maintain their weight and joint health.
  • Consult with a Veterinarian: If you have any doubts about which food is best for your particular Shih Tzu, consult with a veterinarian. They can recommend a specific brand or type of food based on your Shih Tzu’s individual needs and health condition.
  • Consider Specific Health Conditions: If your Shih Tzu has any specific health conditions – such as allergies, dental issues, or digestive problems – you may need to choose food that is specifically designed to address those issues.

By choosing the right food for your Shih Tzu, you can help ensure that they receive the nutrition they need to stay healthy and happy. Remember that proper nutrition is key to preventing overfeeding and maintaining a healthy weight.

Avoiding Table Scraps and Treats

It’s no secret that dogs love treats and table scraps. However, giving in to those big, pleading eyes can have serious consequences for your Shih Tzu’s health. In fact, table scraps and treats are some of the biggest contributors to overfeeding and obesity in dogs. To avoid these dangers, it’s important to exercise control and limit the intake of these “extras.”

1. Establish Rules: Make it clear to everyone in the household that treats and table scraps are off-limits for your Shih Tzu. Encourage everyone to stick to the approved diet for the sake of your dog’s health.

2. Substitute with Healthy Treats: If your Shih Tzu loves treats, consider swapping out unhealthy options for healthier ones. Some great options include carrots, green beans, and even small pieces of apple. These options are low in calories and can provide beneficial nutrients for your dog.

3. Stick to Appropriate Sizes: If you do choose to give your Shih Tzu a treat, make sure it is an appropriate size for their small body. Opt for smaller treats or break larger ones into smaller pieces.

4. Avoid Giving Human Food: While it may be tempting to share your dinner with your Shih Tzu, it’s best to avoid giving human food altogether. Human food is often high in calories and lacks the necessary nutrients for dogs.

5. Monitor Treat Intake: Keep track of how many treats your Shih Tzu is consuming on a daily basis. If you notice they are starting to gain weight, it may be time to cut back on the treats altogether.

By following these simple tips, you can avoid overfeeding your Shih Tzu and keep them healthy and happy. Remember, a healthy diet and regular exercise are key to preventing obesity and other health issues in your furry friend.

Regular Exercise

Regular exercise is an essential part of maintaining your Shih Tzu’s overall health, and it can also help to prevent overfeeding. Engaging your Shih Tzu in physical activity can help to burn off excess calories, tone muscles, and keep them mentally stimulated. Here are some tips for ensuring your Shih Tzu gets enough exercise:

Activity TypeDescription
WalksTake your Shih Tzu on regular walks around the neighborhood. This not only provides exercise, but also mental stimulation as they get to explore new sights and smells.
PlaytimeInteractive games such as fetch or tug-of-war are great ways to engage your Shih Tzu in physical activity. These games also provide bonding opportunities with your furry friend.
SwimmingIf your Shih Tzu enjoys water, swimming is an excellent low-impact exercise that can help to tone muscles and provide cardio benefits.
Avoid Over-exertionBe mindful not to overly exert your Shih Tzu, especially in hot or humid conditions, as they are a brachycephalic breed with a tendency towards respiratory issues.

In addition to the physical benefits, regular exercise can also help to prevent boredom and anxiety in your Shih Tzu, which may lead to overeating. By providing them with a fun and engaging exercise routine, you can help to promote a healthy, happy lifestyle for your furry friend. So, make sure to prioritize exercise along with proper nutrition to keep your Shih Tzu in optimum health.


In conclusion, overfeeding your Shih Tzu can lead to a variety of health problems and risks that can negatively impact their quality of life. However, with proper attention to portion sizes, food choices, and exercise, it is possible to prevent overfeeding and maintain your pet’s health.

Remember that obesity can lead to: joint and mobility problems, digestive issues, and bloat. These risks can be serious and even life-threatening, so it’s important to monitor your Shih Tzu’s weight and adjust their diet accordingly.

Factors that contribute to overfeeding in Shih Tzus include inappropriate portion sizes, treats and table scraps, and lack of exercise. By addressing these factors and making adjustments in your feeding habits, you can help prevent overfeeding and keep your Shih Tzu healthy.

Feeding your Shih Tzu the right amount, choosing the right food, avoiding table scraps and treats, and regular exercise are all key strategies for preventing overfeeding. Following these guidelines can help ensure that your pet lives a long and healthy life.

In summary, taking care of your Shih Tzu’s nutrition is essential for their overall well-being. By making small changes in their feeding habits, you can help prevent overfeeding and avoid the risks and health problems associated with it. With proper care and attention, your Shih Tzu will thrive and enjoy many happy and healthy years with your family.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. Can overfeeding my Shih Tzu lead to long-term health problems?

Yes. Long-term overfeeding can lead to obesity and related health issues such as diabetes, heart disease, and high blood pressure.

2. How do I know if my Shih Tzu is overweight?

You can feel their ribs and if you can’t feel them or have to press hard to feel them, your Shih Tzu may be overweight. You can also look for signs such as a protruding belly, difficulty moving, or excessive panting.

3. Is it okay to give my Shih Tzu table scraps?

No. Table scraps are often high in fat and can lead to weight gain, digestive problems, and even pancreatitis.

4. What types of food should I avoid feeding my Shih Tzu?

Avoid foods high in fat, sugar, and salt. Also avoid foods that are toxic to dogs such as chocolate, grapes, and onions.

5. How much exercise does my Shih Tzu need to stay healthy?

Your Shih Tzu should have at least 30 minutes of exercise per day. This can include walks, playtime, or even just running around in the backyard.

6. Can I free-feed my Shih Tzu?

No. Free-feeding can lead to overeating and weight gain. It’s better to feed your Shih Tzu specific portions at specific times of day.

7. Can I use any type of dog food for my Shih Tzu?

No. Shih Tzus have unique nutritional needs and require a high-quality dog food that is specifically formulated for their breed and size.

8. Will regular vet check-ups help prevent overfeeding in my Shih Tzu?

Yes. Regular vet check-ups can help you monitor your Shih Tzu’s weight and identify any potential health issues early on.

9. Will giving my Shih Tzu toys to play with help prevent overeating?

Not necessarily. While toys can provide mental stimulation and exercise, they won’t prevent overeating on their own. You should still monitor your Shih Tzu’s diet and exercise habits.

10. How can I tell if my Shih Tzu is losing weight?

You can tell if your Shih Tzu is losing weight by regularly weighing them and monitoring their body condition score. A healthy weight loss is typically 1-2% of their body weight per week.


Matthew Farthing

Matthew Farthing

Сontributing author at DogCareHacks, Certified Dog Behavior Consultant.

We will be happy to hear your thoughts

      Leave a reply

      Dog Care Hacks