How to Choose the Right Mate for Lhasa Apso Breeding

When it comes to breeding Lhasa Apsos, choosing the right mate is key to producing healthy, happy puppies. But with so many factors to consider, it can be overwhelming to know where to start. That’s why we’ve put together this guide to help you navigate the process. From researching potential mates to preparing for breeding, we’ll walk you through each step to ensure you find the perfect match for your Lhasa Apso. So, buckle up and let’s get started!

Factors to Consider

Factors To Consider
Choosing the right mate for Lhasa Apso breeding is a decision that requires careful consideration. To ensure that you produce healthy and happy puppies, there are several factors to consider. Not only should the potential mate have desirable physical characteristics, but their temperament, genetics, and health should also be evaluated. It’s important to keep in mind that breeding can be a complex process, and taking the time to make informed decisions can have a significant impact on the outcome. Let’s explore some of the essential factors to consider when planning your Lhasa Apso breeding program. For more information about Lhasa Apso genetics, you can check out our guide on Lhasa Apso genetics.


When it comes to choosing the right mate for Lhasa Apso breeding, temperament is one of the most important factors to consider. You want to make sure that both the dam and sire have personalities that complement each other and can be passed on to their offspring.

To ensure that the temperament of the Lhasa Apso is suitable for breeding, it is essential to evaluate both parents for their behavior, personality, and socialization skills. A Lhasa Apso that is shy, aggressive, or skittish may pass on these undesirable traits to their offspring, making it difficult to train and socialize them later in life.

To help you evaluate a potential mate’s temperament, here are some traits to look for:

SociabilityA friendly and outgoing dog that enjoys the company of humans and other animals.
CalmnessA relaxed and composed dog that does not get easily agitated or nervous.
TrainabilityA dog that can be easily trained and follows commands well.
LivelinessA dog that is energetic and playful, but not overly hyper or unpredictable.
ProtectivenessA dog that is alert and protective of its owner, without being overly aggressive towards strangers.

It is also important to note that temperament can be influenced by genetics. It is recommended that both the dam and sire undergo temperament testing to identify any underlying genetic issues that may affect the temperament of their offspring. By considering temperament along with other essential factors like health, genetics and appearance, you can increase the chances of producing healthy and well-rounded Lhasa Apso puppies.


When choosing a mate for breeding, health should be one of your top priorities. Breeding with an unhealthy dog can result in offspring with serious health issues.

To ensure that your Lhasa Apso’s mate is healthy, there are several factors to consider:

  • Check for common genetic disorders. Lhasa Apsos are prone to certain health issues, such as kidney disease and eye problems. Make sure to do your research and check if the potential mate has undergone any genetic testing. You can read more about common genetic disorders and their identification and prevention in Lhasa Apsos here.
  • Look for signs of good general health. Check if the dog has a healthy coat, clear eyes, and clean ears. If possible, ask for medical records and make sure that the dog is up to date on all necessary vaccinations and has been dewormed.
  • Ask about any previous health issues. Even if the dog looks healthy, it is still important to ask the breeder about any past health concerns. This can help you make an informed decision and be prepared to look for warning signs later on.

By prioritizing health, you can improve the chances of breeding happy and healthy Lhasa Apsos. Genetic testing is a useful tool to prevent common health issues, and you can learn more about it here.


When it comes to breeding Lhasa Apsos, genetics play a crucial role in the health and temperament of the puppies. It is therefore essential to carefully consider the genetics of the proposed mate. Here are some factors to keep in mind:

  • Health concerns: It is important to ensure that the mate does not carry any potential hereditary health concerns that could be passed onto the litter. Some Lhasa Apso genetic diseases include cherry eye, renal dysplasia, and luxating patellas. The breeder should be able to provide documentation of the mate’s health clearances and genetic testing results.
  • Temperament: Genetics can also play a significant role in a dog’s temperament. If one parent has aggressive or anxious tendencies, there is a possibility that the offspring could exhibit these behaviors as well. It is important to choose a mate with a stable and friendly temperament to ensure that the puppies have a good chance of inheriting these traits.
  • Breeding experience: If the mate has had previous litters, it is important to look into the health and temperament of those puppies. This can give you an indication of what to expect from the breeding. Additionally, you may want to consider if the mate has had successful pregnancies and deliveries in the past.
  • Bloodline: The bloodline of the mate is another important consideration. If there is a history of genetic problems or issues with the bloodline, it may not be the best choice for breeding. Conversely, if the bloodline has a good reputation for producing healthy and high-quality puppies, it may be a good choice for the mate.

Genetics are an essential factor to consider when choosing a mate for breeding your Lhasa Apso. By carefully evaluating health concerns, temperament, breeding experience, and bloodline, you can increase your chances of producing healthy, happy puppies that will make wonderful pets.


As important as temperament and genetics are, appearance is also a factor to consider when choosing the right mate for your Lhasa Apso breeding program. Here are some factors to consider when evaluating potential mates based on their appearance:

  • Coat Color: Lhasa Apsos come in a variety of coat colors, including black, white, gold, and brown. When choosing a mate, take into consideration the coat color of both the male and female to ensure a desired outcome for the offspring.
  • Coat Type: Lhasa Apsos have two types of coats: long and short. If you prefer a specific coat type, make sure the potential mate has the desired coat type.
  • Facial Features: Evaluate the potential mate’s facial features, such as the shape of their eyes, muzzle, and ears. These features can impact the appearance of the offspring.
  • Structure: The structure of the Lhasa Apso is unique and should be evaluated when choosing a mate. Check the potential mate’s structure, including their height, weight, and body shape.
  • Overall Health: A healthy Lhasa Apso will have a shiny coat and clear eyes. Make sure to evaluate the overall health of the potential mate to ensure the offspring will be healthy and have a desirable appearance.

It’s important to remember that appearance should not be the only factor to consider when choosing a mate for breeding. Temperament, genetics, and health should also be evaluated. However, taking into consideration the appearance of the potential mate can help ensure that the offspring will have the desired look for your breeding program.

Researching a Mate

Researching A Mate
Now that you’ve identified the factors to consider when choosing a mate for your Lhasa Apso, it’s time to start the research process. Finding the right mate requires careful consideration and plenty of research. Whether you’re looking locally or branching out to other states, there are several ways to search for a suitable mate for your Lhasa Apso. In this section, we’ll explore some of the top methods for researching a mate and providing you with the tools needed to make an informed decision.

Online Resources

When researching for a mate for your Lhasa Apso breeding program, online resources provide valuable information to aid in your search. Here are some online resources to consider along with their highlights:

Online ResourceHighlights
American Kennel Club (AKC)The AKC website provides a long list of Lhasa Apso breeders across the United States, including their contact information, breeding philosophy, and available puppies.
Lhasa Apso Club of America (LACA)The LACA is an excellent resource for finding reputable Lhasa Apso breeders who follow their code of ethics. They also provide helpful tips on Lhasa Apso breeding and ownership.
AKC MarketplaceThe AKC Marketplace is an online platform that connects potential buyers with AKC-registered Lhasa Apso breeders. It provides tons of detailed information about the breeder and their puppies, including their bloodline, health records, and breeding history.
Pedigree DatabasePedigree Database is a comprehensive database of Lhasa Apso pedigrees from different parts of the world. It’s useful for tracing a dog’s lineage and choosing a mate that complements your Lhasa Apso’s genetic makeup.
Lhasa Apso Breeders Network on FacebookThe Lhasa Apso Breeders Network is a Facebook group where Lhasa Apso enthusiasts and breeders interact, share information, and learn from one another. You can ask for recommendations, post pictures of your Lhasa Apso, and join discussions about Lhasa Apso breeding.

As you use online resources, remember to exercise caution and do due diligence to ensure that the breeders you contact are competent and follow legal guidelines. While these resources offer a convenient and practical starting point, they should not be relied on solely for finding a mate for Lhasa Apso breeding.

Show Events

Attending show events is another great way to find the right mate for Lhasa Apso breeding. These events allow breeders and owners to showcase their dogs, and you can get an up-close look at potential mates. Here are a few tips for navigating show events:

  • Research: Before attending the event, research which breeders and dogs will be in attendance. This can help you target who to meet with and which dogs to evaluate.
  • Observe: Take time to observe each dog in the ring. Look for their movement, coat quality, and overall appearance. Keep notes on which dogs catch your eye.
  • Network: Talk to the breeders and owners of the dogs you’re interested in. Ask them about their breeding program and their experience with the breed. Don’t be afraid to ask for their contact information to follow up later.
  • Be Professional: When talking to breeders and handlers, ensure that you present yourself professionally. Dress appropriately and be respectful of their time and expertise.

Remember, show events are a great opportunity to meet potential mates and breeders, but they can also be overwhelming. Take your time and use these tips to help make the most of your experience.

Breeder Referrals

When it comes to finding a suitable mate for your Lhasa Apso, seeking referrals from reputable breeders can be an excellent option. These breeders have extensive experience in breeding Lhasa Apsos and understand the qualities that make a good mate. The referral process involves contacting these breeders and requesting recommendations for potential mates. Here are some tips to help you navigate this process:

  • Do your research: Before contacting breeders for referrals, research their reputation online. Check reviews, ratings, and comments from their customers to gain an understanding of their breeding practices and the quality of their dogs.
  • Ask for references: Once you have identified a few reputable breeders, reach out and request references from their previous clients. This information will give you insight into their experience dealing with the breeder and the quality of the dogs they received.
  • Be clear on your breeding goals: When contacting breeders for referrals, make sure to be specific about the qualities you are seeking in a mate. This ensures that the referrals you receive are tailored to your desired outcome.
  • Consider location: Keep in mind that the breeder referral process may require some travel. It’s essential to consider the location of the breeder and the cost associated with traveling to meet potential mates.
  • Follow up: Once you have received referrals, reach out to the breeders and schedule meetings to evaluate the potential mate. Don’t be afraid to ask questions about the dog’s health, temperament, and breeding history to ensure that they meet your requirements.

Seeking referrals from reputable breeders can be a useful method for finding the right mate for your Lhasa Apso. By conducting your research, being clear about your breeding goals, and following up on referrals, you can ensure that you find a mate that will produce healthy and happy offspring.

Communicating with the Breeder

Communicating With The Breeder
When it comes to choosing the right mate for Lhasa Apso breeding, it is vital to have a clear line of communication with the breeder you plan on working with. This helps you understand their breeding philosophy, their experience, and the expected outcome of the breeding process.

Initial contact:
Your first point of contact with the breeder should be through email or phone. This allows you to introduce yourself, explain your intentions for breeding your Lhasa Apso, and ask relevant questions. During the initial contact, ensure that you ask about the availability of the breeder and their willingness to discuss matters concerning the breeding process.

First Meeting:
After the initial contact, you should plan on meeting the breeder in person. During the meeting, both you and the breeder can get to know each other better, and you can discuss your breeding plans in-depth. When you meet with the breeder, ensure that you ask relevant questions about their experience, the health of their dogs, and any past breeding experiences they may have had. This will help you get an idea of what to expect and whether the breeder is a good fit for your Lhasa Apso breeding aspirations.

Breeder Requirements:
Each breeder has their own set of requirements that you need to meet before they can allow you to breed with their dogs. These may include the health checks that should be done before breeding or the amount of experience you should have as a breeder. Ensure that you understand all the requirements stipulated by the breeder before you start the breeding process.

Breeder-Owner Contract:
Before the breeding process starts, it is important to have a written contract between you (the owner) and the breeder. The contract should include all the requirements and expectations of both parties, like the number of puppies to be produced and any conditions in which the breeder can reclaim a puppy. It should also address the costs associated with the breeding process, like veterinary fees or any other costs incurred during the process.

Follow-up Meetings:
After the breeding process has started, you should plan on having follow-up meetings with the breeder to discuss the progress of the litter. During these meetings, you can ask questions about the health of the puppies or any other concerns that may arise. You should also keep the breeder informed about any major changes in your dog’s life, such as if they become sick or if they will be moving to a new location.

Having open channels of communication with the breeder during the Lhasa Apso breeding process will help the process go more smoothly and can prevent misunderstandings between both parties.

Preparing for Breeding

As your Lhasa Apso reaches breeding age, ensuring a smooth and healthy breeding process should be top of mind. Preparing for breeding involves various factors, including health checks, creating a breeding contract, organizing a stud service, and preparing your home. Each aspect requires attention to detail and proper planning to prevent any complications down the line. Let’s dive into what you should consider when preparing for the breeding process.

Health Checks

Ensuring the health of your Lhasa Apso and the mate is of utmost importance before breeding. It’s essential that both dogs are in good health and free from any hereditary or genetic diseases that could be passed on to their offspring. To guarantee the health of your Lhasa Apso and its potential mate, there are several health checks that must be carried out.

Veterinary Check-Up: Before breeding, both dogs should undergo a thorough check-up from a licensed veterinarian. A blood test can help detect any contagious diseases that could be passed to their offspring. The veterinarian will also check for any underlying health issues.

Hip Dysplasia: Lhasa Apsos are prone to hip dysplasia, a genetic condition where the hips don’t develop correctly, leading to arthritis and eventual lameness. Both dogs should be screened for hip dysplasia before breeding. You can ask for the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals, or OFA score to see if either dog is at risk.

Eye Exam: Lhasa Apsos can develop eye issues such as cataracts, progressive retinal atrophy, or corneal dystrophy. Before breeding, both dogs should undergo a thorough eye exam by a certified canine ophthalmologist. This exam can detect early signs of eye problems that could be passed on to their offspring.

DNA Tests: DNA testing can determine whether a dog is carrying any specific hereditary diseases or traits that could be passed on to the offspring. Examples of hereditary diseases in Lhasa Apsos include bladder stones or liver disease.

Brucellosis: Last but not least, both dogs should be tested for Brucellosis, a contagious bacterial infection that can lead to infertility or spontaneous abortion. It’s important to detect and treat this infection before any breeding takes place.

By conducting these mandatory health checks before breeding Lhasa Apsos, you can reduce the chances of passing on inheritable diseases to their offspring, ultimately ensuring that the puppies are healthy and fit.

Creating a Breeding Contract

Once you have found the right mate for your Lhasa Apso, it is essential to create a breeding contract that outlines the terms and conditions of the breeding agreement. This contract will serve as a legal document that protects both you as the breeder and the owner of the mate.

To create a comprehensive breeding contract, consider including the following elements:

1. Terms of the agreement: Clearly define the scope of the agreement, including the breed of the puppies, the number of litters, and the number of puppies per litter.

2. Health guarantees: Include details about the health checks that will be performed on the mate before breeding, as well as any guarantees regarding the health of the offspring.

3. Financial arrangements: Specify the amount of the stud fee, any additional charges, and the payment schedule.

4. Ownership and registration: Determine who will own the puppies and handle their registration with the appropriate kennel club.

5. Contract termination: Outline the circumstances under which the agreement can be terminated, such as if the mate proves to be infertile or develops a health condition that makes breeding unsafe.

Before finalizing the contract, have an attorney review it to ensure that it is legally binding and covers all necessary details. Once the contract is signed and agreed upon by both parties, keep a copy for your records and provide a copy to the owner of the mate.

Creating a breeding contract may seem like an extra step, but it is essential to protect all parties involved in the breeding process. By taking the time to establish clear terms and conditions, you can ensure a successful and stress-free breeding experience.

Stud Service

Once you have found the right mate for your Lhasa Apso breeding program, it’s time to start thinking about the stud service. Here are some tips to consider:

  • Research reputable stud services: You will want to find a stud service that has a good reputation, and one that has produced healthy and high-quality litters in the past. Look for breeders who have experience working with Lhasa Apsos, and who offer genetic testing for their dogs.
  • Plan ahead: Be sure to book the stud service well in advance, as reputable breeders may have a waiting list. Discuss with the breeder the ideal time to start breeding, based on the female’s reproductive cycle.
  • Understand the terms: Make sure you understand the terms of the stud service before signing a contract. This should include the stud fee, any additional costs such as veterinary checks or shipping, and any guarantees or obligations for both parties.
  • Prepare your female: Before breeding, make sure your female is up to date on all necessary vaccinations and health checks. Your veterinarian can provide guidance on this. It’s also important to ensure that your female is in good physical and mental health, and is not under any undue stress.
  • Be prepared for the breeding process: Meet with the stud dog’s breeder beforehand to discuss the breeding process and what to expect. Make sure you have everything you need for the breeding, including bedding and the necessary equipment to handle any potential emergencies. It’s also important to have a veterinarian on standby in case of any complications.

Remember that successful breeding requires careful planning and communication with the stud dog’s breeder. By doing your research and preparing in advance, you can ensure a successful breeding and the best possible outcome for your Lhasa Apso breeding program.

Preparing Your Home

Preparing your home for the arrival of a new litter of Lhasa Apso puppies is essential. This involves creating a clean and safe environment for both the puppies and their mother. Here are some things to keep in mind when preparing your home for Lhasa Apso breeding:

The Whelping AreaThe whelping area should be spacious enough to comfortably accommodate the mother and her puppies. It should be as clean and germ-free as possible, and lined with newspaper or puppy pads to absorb any messes. A heat lamp or heating pad can be used to keep the puppies warm, and you should ensure that the area is well-ventilated for their comfort.
Food and Water BowlsYou will need to provide the mother with fresh food and water at all times, so it is important to set up a designated feeding area in the whelping area. Make sure to use clean, wide-based bowls that won’t tip over easily, and replace the water and food regularly to keep it fresh.
Baby GatesBaby gates can be used to keep the puppies contained in the whelping area and prevent them from wandering off and getting hurt. If you have other pets in the home, such as dogs or cats, you may also need to use baby gates to keep them separate from the puppies at times.
Toys and SuppliesProvide plenty of toys and supplies for the puppies, such as soft blankets, chew toys, and puppy pads. This will give them a safe and comfortable environment to play and explore in.
Cleaning SuppliesMake sure to have plenty of cleaning supplies on hand, including disinfectant, paper towels, and garbage bags. This will help you to quickly and efficiently clean up any messes, and keep the whelping area as clean and hygienic as possible.

By taking the time to prepare your home for Lhasa Apso breeding, you can help ensure that the mother and her puppies are safe, comfortable, and healthy during their first few weeks of life. This will ultimately set the foundation for good health and behavior as the puppies grow and mature.


As a potential Lhasa Apso breeder, choosing the right mate is of utmost importance. It’s critical to take into consideration various factors like temperament, health, genetics, and appearance when selecting a mate for your Lhasa Apso. Doing adequate research and communicating with the breeder is equally essential. Preparing your home, creating a breeding contract and performing health checks are also necessary before breeding.

Remember that breeding Lhasa Apsos is a significant responsibility, and it requires a lot of work and commitment. You should only breed if you genuinely have a passion for raising healthy and happy dogs. Consider the well-being of the puppies when breeding, and make sure they go to loving families who will care for them.

It’s also important to note that breeding is not without its risks. You should be prepared for the potential health complications that may arise, both for your Lhasa Apso and the puppies. As such, it’s crucial to have a plan and a support system in place.

In conclusion, breeding Lhasa Apsos can be a deeply rewarding experience if done correctly. Take the time to research and select the right mate for your dog, and don’t hesitate to seek the assistance of a reputable breeder or veterinary professional. With dedication and attention to detail, you can raise healthy and happy puppies that bring joy to their new families for years to come.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the best qualities to look for in a mate for Lhasa Apso breeding?

The best qualities to look for in a mate for Lhasa Apso breeding include a compatible temperament, good health, desirable genetics, and pleasing appearance.

How important is the temperament of a potential breeding mate?

Temperament is crucial as it can greatly impact the temperament of the offspring. Look for a mate with a similar temperament to your dog, one that is friendly, loyal, and obedient.

What health issues should be considered when choosing a breeding mate?

You should consider any health issues present in the potential mate, such as allergies, hip dysplasia, eye problems, and heart conditions, to avoid passing these on to the offspring.

Why is it important to consider the genetics of a potential breeding mate?

Genetics play a major role in the traits that the offspring will inherit. By carefully selecting a mate with desirable genetics, you can increase the likelihood of producing healthy, quality puppies.

What physical traits should be considered when choosing a mate for Lhasa Apso breeding?

Physical traits such as coat color, texture, and length, as well as overall breed standards for size, shape and proportion should be considered.

What online resources can be used to research potential breeding mates?

Online resources such as the AKC Marketplace, Lhasa Apso Breeders Directory, and breed-specific forums can be helpful for researching potential breeding mates.

Why are show events a good way to research potential breeding mates?

Show events offer an opportunity to meet breeders and view Lhasa Apso dogs up close. This can give you a better idea of the physical and temperament qualities you want in a mate.

What should you look for in breeder referrals?

When considering breeder referrals, look for reputable breeders with a track record of producing healthy, quality Lhasa Apso puppies. Ask for references and research their breeding practices before making a decision.

What kind of health checks should be done before breeding?

Health checks such as genetic testing, hip evaluation, and eye exams should be done before breeding to ensure that both dogs are healthy and are not at risk for passing on genetic health problems.

How can you prepare your home for the arrival of Lhasa Apso puppies?

You can prepare your home for the arrival of Lhasa Apso puppies by creating a safe and comfortable space for them, stocking up on food and supplies, and puppy-proofing your home to prevent accidents and injuries.


Matthew Farthing

Matthew Farthing

Сontributing author at DogCareHacks, Certified Dog Behavior Consultant.

We will be happy to hear your thoughts

      Leave a reply

      Dog Care Hacks