As a Lhasa Apso owner, you may have experienced moments of frustration and confusion when trying to communicate with your furry companion. Perhaps they don’t respond to your commands or they seem to have a mind of their own. But fear not, with basic obedience training, you can strengthen your bond with your furry friend and communicate effectively. In this article, we’ll discuss the importance of basic obedience training for Lhasa Apsos, common mistakes to avoid, and a step-by-step guide on 10 essential commands every Lhasa Apso should know. So grab some treats and let’s get started!
Importance of Basic Obedience Training
Why is basic obedience training important for your Lhasa Apso?
As a Lhasa Apso owner, you are responsible for shaping your pet’s behavior, and that begins with obedience training. Basic obedience training is essential for your dog’s socialization, safety, and happiness. In fact, training is a key factor in building a strong bond with your pet. A dog who listens and follows commands is more likely to be successful in public spaces and have positive interactions with people and other animals. It takes time, effort, and patience, but with consistency and positive reinforcement, you can have a well-behaved Lhasa Apso that is a joy to be around. Let’s explore the benefits of basic obedience training and common mistakes to avoid during training. Additionally, we will provide you with some helpful tips and advice to get started with obedience training your Lhasa Apso.
Benefits of Basic Obedience Training
Basic obedience training is an essential part of owning and caring for a Lhasa Apso. Not only does it allow for a better bond between owner and dog, but it also provides several benefits for both you and your furry companion.
Here are some of the benefits of basic obedience training for your Lhasa Apso:
- Improves behavior: Basic commands like sit, stay, and come will help your dog learn to behave appropriately in different situations, both at home and in public. With reputable obedience training, your Lhasa Apso can become a well-behaved, happy and obedient dog.
- Creates a bond: Obedience training allows for increased interaction between you and your dog, which can help create a stronger bond. This is especially important for Lhasa Apsos, as they are known for their loyalty and close attachment to their owners.
- Increases safety: Behavior training can help your Lhasa Apso respond to commands in dangerous situations. By teaching your dog to stay, come or leave it, you can help prevent accidents or injuries, and protect them from dangers in the environment.
- Reduces anxiety: The more your Lhasa Apso understands the commands given, the more confident and comfortable they will be in various situations. This can help reduce anxiety and create a sense of calm in your dog.
- Effective communication: By implementing basic obedience commands, you can communicate better with your Lhasa Apso. With time, your dog will learn what specific commands mean, and you can rely less on physical communication.
By enrolling your Lhasa Apso in obedience training, you can provide them with the necessary tools to become a happy, obedient and well-behaved companion. And always remember, dog training requires patience, consistency and positive reinforcement, so don’t hesitate to use this method of training to help your furry friend learn in a stress-free and rewarding manner.
Common Mistakes to Avoid During Training
During basic obedience training, there are certain common mistakes that pet owners tend to make. These mistakes can hinder your Lhasa Apso’s progress and make the training process frustrating for both you and your dog. Here are some of the most common mistakes to avoid:
- Being Inconsistent: Consistency is key when it comes to obedience training. Using different commands or allowing your dog to get away with disobedience will only confuse them. Make sure everyone in the household uses the same commands and is consistent with enforcing them.
- Skipping Over Basic Commands: Starting with more complicated commands before teaching your dog basic commands such as “sit” or “stay” can be confusing and overwhelming for your Lhasa Apso. It’s important to start with these easier commands and then gradually move onto more complicated ones.
- Not Practicing Enough: Regular practice is necessary in order for your Lhasa Apso to fully remember and obey commands. Skipping or cutting short training sessions can be detrimental to their progress.
- Using Punishment: Using physical punishment or shouting can instill fear and anxiety in your Lhasa Apso. Positive reinforcement and patience are proven to be much more effective training methods that create a positive bond between owner and pet.
- Ignoring Your Lhasa Apso’s Needs: Lhasa Apsos are known to be intelligent but can be stubborn. It’s important to understand their needs and to adjust training methods to make it more appealing to them. For example, a Lhasa Apso may lose focus if they are hungry or bored, so it’s important to train them at a suitable time and environment.
By avoiding these common mistakes, your Lhasa Apso will be more likely to pick up on training commands quickly and efficiently. For more information on Lhasa Apso obedience training, check out our article on Lhasa Apso Obedience Training or on Reputable Obedience Training for Lhasa Apsos.
Embarking on basic obedience training for your Lhasa Apso is a crucial step towards having a well-behaved furry friend. The training time is an opportunity for you to bond with your dog, create a foundation of understanding, and set your Lhasa Apso on the path to being a good citizen. To ensure that your dog learns the commands and responds to them consistently, use positive enforcement, regular practice, and a lot of patience. Let’s dive into the training time and learn about the best practices for training your Lhasa Apso on basic obedience commands. To avoid common mistakes and achieve success with training, it is important to go through the common mistakes to avoid during training before starting.
When it comes to obedience training for your Lhasa Apso, it’s important to remember that positive reinforcement is key. Using force, punishment or fear-based training methods can actually harm your dog and your relationship with them in the long run.
|Why be positive?||It helps build a stronger bond between you and your dog. Positive reinforcement tells your dog what they are doing right, instilling a desire to please you and work together. Studies have also found that force-free training methods result in less fear and anxiety in dogs.|
|How to be positive?||Use praise, treats, and play as rewards for good behavior. When your Lhasa Apso follows a command, reinforce that behavior with a reward. Consistency is key; try to reward them every time they do something right. Consider clicker training, which uses a noise to mark the moment of desired behavior, and rewards follow shortly thereafter.|
|What to avoid?||Avoid punishing your dog for not following a command, which can create fear and confusion. Instead, redirect their behavior and reward good behavior. Avoid physical punishment, such as hitting or yanking on the leash, as this can also harm your dog and your relationship.|
Remember, obedience training is not just about teaching your dog commands; it’s also about building a strong relationship and bond with them. Being positive throughout the training process can help achieve both of these goals. For more information on starting obedience training with your Lhasa Apso, check out this article.
Incorporate Treats as Rewards
When training your Lhasa Apso, it’s important to remember that positive reinforcement goes a long way. One way to promote positive behavior is by offering treats as rewards. The key to using treats effectively as a reward is to use them in moderation. Treats should be used to reinforce good behavior, but they should not be the only form of reward.
Here are some tips when incorporating treats into your Lhasa Apso’s obedience training:
- Choose small, bite-sized treats that your Lhasa Apso can easily eat and are not too high in calories. This will help prevent your dog from becoming overweight or unhealthy.
- Have treats readily available and accessible during training sessions. You don’t want to interrupt a session to get a treat, as this can lose the focus of your Lhasa Apso.
- Only reward your Lhasa Apso when they have completed the desired command. This reinforces the desired behavior and avoids your dog thinking they will receive a treat just for being present.
- Vary the treats you use. This will make training more interesting and avoid your dog becoming bored with the same treat.
- When your Lhasa Apso has successfully mastered a command, gradually decrease the number of treats given. Your dog will know the command, and you can replace treats with praise and affection.
Remember, training your Lhasa Apso is more than just using treats. It’s important to establish a bond with your dog and use positive reinforcement consistently and with patience. By doing so, you can effectively train your Lhasa Apso to be a well-behaved and happy companion. To learn more about obedience training, check out our article on how to strengthen the bond with your Lhasa Apso through obedience training.
Be Consistent with Commands
Consistency is key when it comes to obedience training for Lhasa Apsos. It is important to use the same verbal commands and hand signals each time you train your dog. This helps them learn to associate the command or signal with a specific behavior or action. Using different commands or signals can cause confusion and slow down the learning process.
To track your consistency, consider using an html table to record the commands and signal you’re going to use for each obedience command. This will not only help you stay consistent in your training but also make it easier to keep track of your progress over time.
|Obedience Command||Verbal Command||Hand Signal|
|Sit||“Sit”||Raise your hand up while holding a treat|
|Stay||“Stay”||Hold your hand up in front of you with your palm facing your dog|
|Come||“Come”||Crouch down and open your arms wide|
|Down||“Down”||Point down to the ground with one hand while holding a treat with the other hand|
|Heel||“Heel”||Hold a treat in your hand and keep it close to your leg|
|Leave It||“Leave it”||Put your hand in front of your dog’s nose and say “leave|
|Drop It||“Drop it”||Hold your hand out with your palm facing down and say “drop|
|Wait||“Wait”||Hold your palm out towards your dog while facing them|
|Off||“Off”||Point to the ground while facing your dog and say “off”|
|Quiet||“Quiet”||Hold your index finger up to your lips and say “quiet”|
Consistency is important when obedience training your Lhasa Apso. Using the same verbal commands and hand signals each time you train will help them learn the commands faster and avoid confusion. Consider using an html table to keep track of your progress and stay consistent during your training sessions. This will be a big help in your Lhasa Apso obedience training journey.
Consistency is key when it comes to training your Lhasa Apso. It’s essential to practice regularly with your furry friend to ensure that they retain the information taught during training sessions. Regular training sessions also provide an opportunity for you and your Lhasa Apso to bond and strengthen your relationship.
To make sure your Lhasa Apso gets the most out of their training, create a schedule and stick to it. The amount of training time may vary depending on your dog’s attention span and your own schedule, but it’s important to make training a part of your regular routine. Try to train at the same time each day, so your dog knows what to expect.
Here’s an example of a training schedule you could use:
Remember to keep sessions short and focused. In addition to regular training sessions, look for opportunities to reinforce obedience commands throughout the day. For example, when you take your Lhasa Apso for a walk, you can use the “heel” command to keep them walking alongside you. The more consistent you are with training, the faster your Lhasa Apso will master the basic obedience commands.
It’s also important to note that patience is essential during training. Your Lhasa Apso may not learn a new command right away, and that’s okay. Don’t get frustrated and be sure to give plenty of positive reinforcement when your pup shows progress. For more information, check out our article on Lhasa Apso obedience training and behavior training in public.
As a Lhasa Apso owner, it’s important to teach your furry friend basic obedience commands. These commands not only ensure your pet’s safety but also make your life easier. With consistent training and positive reinforcement, you can help your Lhasa Apso become a well-behaved and obedient companion. In this section, we’ll discuss the essential commands every Lhasa Apso should know and how to train them effectively. So, grab some treats and let’s get started!
As one of the most basic commands, teaching your Lhasa Apso to sit is crucial in their training. It not only helps to enforce good behavior but also provides a foundation for teaching more advanced commands. Here’s how to teach your furry friend to sit:
|1||Start by having your Lhasa Apso stand in front of you.|
|2||Hold a treat in front of their nose, making sure they can see and smell it.|
|3||Say “sit” in a clear and firm voice while slowly moving the treat up and over their head.|
|4||As their head moves up to follow the treat, their bottom should naturally lower to the ground.|
|5||Once they are in a sitting position, give them the treat and lavish them with praise.|
|6||Repeat this process several times a day until they can sit on command without the need for a treat.|
Remember to be patient and consistent in your training. Your Lhasa Apso will likely take some time to fully grasp the concept of the sit command, so don’t get discouraged if they don’t get it right away. Additionally, never use physical force or punishment as a means of training, as it can have negative effects on your pup’s behavior and attitude towards training. With a little practice and positive reinforcement, your Lhasa Apso will be sitting like a champ in no time!
Teaching your Lhasa Apso the “Stay” command is essential for their safety in many different situations. Whether you need them to stay put while you answer the door or wait patiently for their meal, this command is crucial. Follow these steps to teach your Lhasa Apso the “Stay” command:
|Step 1:||Have your Lhasa Apso sit on command.|
|Step 2:||Once they have sat, hold your hand out in front of them with your palm facing towards them and the command “Stay.”|
|Step 3:||Take a step away from your Lhasa Apso while continuing to hold your hand out towards them.|
|Step 4:||If your Lhasa Apso stays in place, use a treat or verbal praise to reward them.|
|Step 5:||Practice moving further away from your Lhasa Apso while still having them maintain the “Stay” command.|
|Step 6:||Once your Lhasa Apso has mastered holding the “Stay” command while you move away from them, work on having them maintain the “Stay” command while you move around them in a circle.|
Remember to always reward with a treat or verbal praise and be patient during the training process. It may take some time for your Lhasa Apso to fully understand the “Stay” command, but with consistent practice, they will soon get the hang of it.
One crucial command that every Lhasa Apso should learn is “come”. This command is essential when you want your dog to return to you quickly and safely. It is especially important when you are outdoors or in a public place where there might be other dogs or distractions. Here are some tips to help you train your Lhasa Apso to come when called:
- Start Indoors: When you start training your Lhasa Apso to come, begin indoors with no distractions. This will help your dog focus on you and the command you are teaching.
- Use Positive Reinforcement: Always use positive reinforcement, such as treats and praise, to reward your dog for coming when called. This encourages your dog to keep doing the right thing.
- Use a Clicker: Clicker training is an effective way to train your dog to come when called. The sound of the clicker signals to your dog that they have done the right thing and will receive a reward.
- Use a Long Leash: Once your Lhasa Apso has learned to come when called indoors, you can move the training outdoors. Use a long leash to give your dog some freedom to move around while still keeping them under control.
- Practice Regularly: Consistency is key when training your dog to come when called. Practice the command regularly, gradually increasing the distance between you and your dog.
- Avoid Punishment: Never punish your Lhasa Apso for not coming when called. This will only serve to undermine your training efforts and make your dog less likely to respond to the command in the future.
Remember that training your Lhasa Apso to come when called takes time and patience. However, with regular practice, positive reinforcement, and consistency, your dog will learn to respond to the command reliably.
Teaching your Lhasa Apso the “Down” command is an essential part of basic obedience training. This command not only helps with discipline and control, but it can also prevent your Lhasa Apso from getting into potentially dangerous situations. Here is a step-by-step guide on how to train your Lhasa Apso to understand and obey the “Down” command:
|1||Start in a quiet place with minimal distractions. Have your Lhasa Apso stand or sit in front of you.|
|2||Hold a treat in your hand and let your dog smell it.|
|3||Slowly lower the treat towards the ground, keeping it within your dog’s reach.|
|4||As your Lhasa Apso follows the treat with their nose and begins to lower their body towards the ground, use the verbal command “Down“.|
|5||Once your dog is lying down, praise them and give them the treat as a reward. Repeat this process several times until your dog begins to associate the command “Down” with lying down.|
|6||As your dog becomes more comfortable with the command, start to remove the treat from your hand and use only the verbal command “Down” to get your dog to lie down. Be sure to continue rewarding your dog with praise and affection when they obey the command.|
|7||Once your Lhasa Apso has mastered the “Down” command, begin testing their obedience by giving the command in different situations and environments with varying levels of distraction. Use positive reinforcement by praising your dog and giving them a treat when they obey the command correctly.|
It is important to remember that training your Lhasa Apso to obey the “Down” command takes patience and consistency. It is also important to never force your dog into the position and to always use positive reinforcement, such as treats and praise, to encourage good behavior. With time and dedication, your Lhasa Apso will learn to obey the “Down” command reliably and confidently.
Teaching your Lhasa Apso to heel is an essential part of basic obedience training. When a dog heels, they walk calmly by your side without pulling or tugging on the leash. This skill is not only beneficial for maintaining control on walks, but it also helps establish you as the leader of the pack.
To teach your Lhasa Apso to heel, follow these simple steps:
|Step 1||Start in a quiet, distraction-free area.||Eliminate any potential distractions that may make it more difficult for your Lhasa Apso to focus on you.|
|Step 2||Put your Lhasa Apso in the heel position.||Stand to the left of your dog with their shoulder in line with your left leg. Hold the leash in your left hand and use your right hand to guide your dog into position.|
|Step 3||Use treats and praise to reinforce the behavior.||Use a treat to lure your Lhasa Apso into the heel position and give them praise and a treat when they follow through.|
|Step 4||Take a step forward.||Take a small step with your left foot and encourage your Lhasa Apso to follow. Use verbal cues such as “heel” or “let’s go” to signal that it’s time to move forward.|
|Step 5||Continue reinforcing the behavior with positive reinforcement.||Remember to reward your Lhasa Apso with treats and praise every time they successfully heel. Gradually increase the duration and distance of the heel, always rewarding good behavior.|
Consistency and patience are key when teaching your Lhasa Apso to heel. Remember to keep training sessions short and fun, and reward your furry friend for their efforts. With time and practice, your Lhasa Apso will become a pro at heeling and make walks a more enjoyable experience for both of you.
One of the most important basic obedience commands that every Lhasa Apso must learn is “Leave It.” This command is crucial to keep your dog safe and to avoid any potential dangers. Here are the steps to teach your Lhasa Apso the “Leave It” command:
- Start with a treat: Hold a treat in your hand and show it to your dog.
- Close your hand: Close your hand around the treat as if you are not giving it to your dog.
- Command: Say “Leave It” in a firm voice.
- Wait: Wait for the dog to stop trying to get the treat. Do not say anything while you wait.
- Reward: Once your dog stops trying to get the treat, give them a different treat as a reward.
- Practice: Repeat the exercise multiple times to reinforce the “Leave It” command.
It’s essential to make the exercise more challenging as your dog improves. You can eventually place the treat on the floor and cover it with your hand, then take your hand off after giving the command. This will teach your Lhasa Apso to leave any object or food item and move away from it when you command.
Remember, your Lhasa Apso needs to learn the “Leave It” command to avoid consuming harmful substances or picking up sharp objects that can seriously hurt them. By teaching this command, you ensure that your dog stays safe both at home and outside.
Make sure to reward your Lhasa Apso with praises and treats whenever they successfully follow the “Leave It” command. With enough patience and practice, your furry friend will learn to leave anything and everything alone when you command them to do so.
Teaching your Lhasa Apso to “drop it” can save them from harm’s way. They sometimes pick up and chew on things that can hurt them, like toxic substances or sharp objects. This command can also prevent destructive behavior like chewing on furniture, shoes, and other household items. Here’s how to train your Lhasa Apso to “drop it”:
|Step 1:||Choose an object your Lhasa Apso likes to play with, such as a toy or a ball. Hold it out for them to grab.|
|Step 2:||As your dog holds the object in their mouth, say “drop it” firmly and clearly.|
|Step 3:||Show a treat to your Lhasa Apso and move it close to their nose, so they can smell it. This will distract them from the object they are holding.|
|Step 4:||As your dog turns their attention to the treat, move the object away from their mouth gently and repeat the command “drop it.”|
|Step 5:||As soon as your Lhasa Apso drops the object, give them the treat and praise them for obeying the command.|
|Step 6:||Repeat the training exercise, gradually using different objects, and offering fewer treats for success. Over time, your Lhasa Apso will learn to drop whatever they are holding onto upon hearing the “drop it” command.|
It’s important to remember that consistency and positive reinforcement are key to successful Lhasa Apso training. With patience and practice, your Lhasa Apso will be able to learn and obey every command including “drop it,” ultimately making them happier, healthier, and more enjoyable to be around.
One important command that every Lhasa Apso should know is the “wait” command. This command is especially useful when you need your dog to stay put for a short period, and you don’t want them to move forward or follow you until you say it’s okay.
To teach your Lhasa Apso to “wait,” follow these steps:
|Step 1||Put your dog on a leash and place a treat on the ground in front of them.|
|Step 2||Tell your dog to “stay.” This will help reinforce their understanding that they need to remain still.|
|Step 3||Use the command “wait” and take a few steps backward. Raise your hand to indicate that they should not move forward.|
|Step 4||Wait a few seconds, then use an enthusiastic voice to say “okay” to indicate that they can come to you and eat the treat.|
|Step 5||Practice this command regularly, gradually increasing the amount of time your dog has to wait before they can move towards you and eat the treat.|
It’s important to note that the “wait” command is different from “stay.” While “stay” means that your dog should remain in one spot until you release them, “wait” means that they should stay put but can move again once you give them the okay.
Using the “wait” command can be helpful in a variety of situations, such as when you’re crossing the street with your dog and want to ensure that they don’t dart out into traffic, or when you’re opening the front door and don’t want your dog to run out before you’re ready.
Remember: Be patient with your Lhasa Apso, and make sure to praise and reward them for their good behavior. With consistent practice, they will soon master the “wait” command and be a well-behaved and obedient companion.
Teaching your Lhasa Apso the “Off” command can be particularly helpful in preventing them from jumping on people or furniture. This command is especially important if you have small children or elderly people in your home. Here are the steps to teach “Off” command to your Lhasa Apso.
|Step 1:||Start by commanding your Lhasa Apso to “sit” in front of you. This will help them focus on you and the training session.|
|Step 2:||Next, stand a few feet away from your Lhasa Apso and point to a piece of furniture, such as a couch or a chair, and say “Off”.|
|Step 3:||If your Lhasa Apso jumps on the furniture, immediately remove them from it and put them back on the ground while saying “Off” again in a firm tone. Repeat this step until your dog understands that “Off” means they should not be on the furniture.|
|Step 4:||Once your Lhasa Apso has stopped jumping on the furniture when you say “Off,” reward them with a treat or lots of praise. It is important to always reward your dog for good behavior, as this reinforces the positive behavior.|
|Step 5:||Repeat this training process several times a day for at least a week. Make sure to use the “Off” command consistently and praise your dog when they obey. Over time, your Lhasa Apso will learn to associate “Off” with the action of getting off furniture or people, and they will respond accordingly.|
Remember to be patient and consistent with your Lhasa Apso when teaching them the “Off” command. This training process may take some time, but with persistence and positive reinforcement, you can teach your Lhasa Apso to behave appropriately around furniture and people.
Teaching your Lhasa Apso the “quiet” command can be very useful in keeping their barking to a minimum. This command can be particularly handy when visitors come to your home or when your dog sees something outside that triggers their barking behavior.
To train your Lhasa Apso to “quiet,” follow these steps:
|1.||Start in a quiet room with your dog.|
|2.||Speak in a calm and reassuring tone.|
|3.||When your dog barks, say “quiet” firmly.|
|4.||If your dog stops barking, praise them and give them a treat.|
|5.||If your dog continues barking, wait for them to stop barking on their own, and then praise and give them a treat.|
|6.||Repeat the steps above, slowly increasing the time between the barking and the “quiet” command.|
It is important to remember that barking is a natural behavior for dogs, so it may take some time for your Lhasa Apso to understand this command. Consistency, patience, and positive reinforcement are key to successful “quiet” training.
- Avoid yelling or scolding your dog, as this can make them more anxious and likely to bark more.
- Use the “quiet” command as soon as barking begins, rather than waiting for it to get out of control.
- Be sure to reward your dog when they successfully follow the “quiet” command, even if it takes them a few tries.
By teaching your Lhasa Apso the “quiet” command, you can help ensure a peaceful and calm home environment for both you and your furry friend.
In conclusion, basic obedience training is an essential aspect of raising a well-behaved Lhasa Apso. By teaching them these basic commands, you can ensure that they are not only safe, but also happy and fulfilled. It is important to remember to be patient and consistent during training, using positive reinforcement techniques and treats to encourage good behavior. Avoid common mistakes such as punishment and inconsistency, which can lead to confusion and frustration for your furry friend. With regular practice and dedication, your Lhasa Apso will learn to follow commands such as sit, stay, come, down, heel, leave it, drop it, wait, off, and quiet, which will make your life much easier and more enjoyable. Remember to always seek professional training advice if needed, and enjoy the process of bonding with your furry friend through obedience training. Your Lhasa Apso will love you for it, and you will have a well-trained companion for life.
Frequently Asked Questions
What is basic obedience training for Lhasa Apsos?
Basic obedience training for Lhasa Apsos involves teaching them essential commands that will help them become well-behaved and obedient pets.
At what age should I start training my Lhasa Apso?
The ideal age to start training your Lhasa Apso is between 8-12 weeks old, but it’s never too late to start!
Can Lhasa Apsos be trained?
Yes, Lhasa Apsos can be trained, and they are known to be intelligent dogs that enjoy learning new things.
How long does it take to train a Lhasa Apso?
Training a Lhasa Apso can take anywhere from a few weeks to several months, depending on the dog’s personality and how consistent you are with training.
What are the benefits of obedience training for Lhasa Apsos?
Obedience training can help Lhasa Apsos become well-behaved and obedient pets, and it can also strengthen the bond between you and your dog.
What are common mistakes I should avoid during training?
Some common mistakes to avoid during training include using harsh punishment, inconsistency with commands, and not using positive reinforcement.
How often should I train my Lhasa Apso?
Training should be done on a regular basis, ideally every day for short periods of time, to reinforce the commands and ensure that your dog doesn’t forget them.
What treats should I use for training?
You can use small treats like pieces of cheese or chicken for training, but make sure to choose treats that are healthy and won’t upset your dog’s stomach.
Can I train my Lhasa Apso by myself or do I need a professional trainer?
You can train your Lhasa Apso by yourself, but if you’re having trouble, it’s always a good idea to seek the help of a professional trainer.
Do I need to use a clicker for training?
No, a clicker is not necessary for training your Lhasa Apso, but it can be a useful tool for marking the behavior you want to reinforce. Verbal cues work just as well if used consistently.