How to Treat Dry Eye Syndrome in Lhasa Apsos

As pet owners, we always strive to ensure the well-being of our furry companions. However, it can be perplexing to see our dogs continuously rubbing their eyes and showing signs of discomfort. One possible reason could be Dry Eye Syndrome, which is a common condition found among Lhasa Apsos. This article aims to shed light on this condition and provide tips and recommendations for treating it effectively, ensuring the comfort and happiness of your beloved pet.

Dry Eye Syndrome in Lhasa Apsos

Dry Eye Syndrome In Lhasa Apsos
Dry Eye Syndrome is a condition that can cause discomfort, irritation, and damage to a dog’s eyes, including Lhasa Apsos. Although this condition is not exclusive to this breed of dog, Lhasa Apsos are more prone to developing dry eyes. This article will explore the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for dry eyes in Lhasa Apsos, as well as ways to prevent further damage to their eyes. If you’re interested in learning more about other eye problems in Lhasa Apsos, you may want to check out our article on Lhasa Apso Eye Problems, or for information on eye infections, take a look at our article on Lhasa Apso Eye Infections. Additionally, if you’re interested in how veterinarians diagnose dry eyes in dogs, check out our article on Lhasa Apso Eye Exams. For tips on how to soothe irritated eyes naturally, you can also read our article on Home Remedies for Irritated Eyes in Lhasa Apsos.

Causes of Dry Eye Syndrome in Lhasa Apsos

Dry Eye Syndrome, also known as Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca, is a common condition in dogs that can affect Lhasa Apsos as well. This condition occurs when the eyes of a dog do not produce enough tears to keep the eyes lubricated and moist. The causes of dry eye syndrome in Lhasa Apsos can be various, and some of the most common ones include:

  • Autoimmune disorders: Sometimes, Lhasa Apsos with autoimmune disorders produce antibodies that attack their own tear glands, which can lead to dry eye syndrome. Examples of autoimmune disorders that can cause dry eye syndrome in Lhasa Apsos include lupus and rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Infection: Infections such as distemper or other viruses can damage the tear glands and cause dry eye syndrome in Lhasa Apsos.
  • Trauma: Trauma to the face, head or eyes of Lhasa Apsos can cause damage to tear glands and result in dry eye syndrome.
  • Age: As Lhasa Apsos age, their production of tears tends to slow down, and they become more susceptible to developing dry eye syndrome.
  • Medications: Certain medications, such as sulfonamides or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, can lead to dry eye syndrome in Lhasa Apsos as a side effect.
  • Genetics: Some Lhasa Apsos may inherit a predisposition to dry eye syndrome, making them more likely to develop the condition.
  • Environmental factors: Environmental factors such as exposure to dry or windy conditions, low humidity or dehydration can contribute to the development of dry eye syndrome in Lhasa Apsos.

It’s important for Lhasa Apso owners to be aware of the potential causes of dry eye syndrome so they can take steps to prevent and treat the condition. By understanding the underlying causes, Lhasa Apso owners can also work with their veterinarian to develop a comprehensive treatment plan that addresses the underlying cause of their dog’s dry eye syndrome.

Symptoms of Dry Eye Syndrome in Lhasa Apsos

Dry Eye Syndrome in Lhasa Apsos can be difficult to detect as it can manifest itself in a variety of symptoms. Here are some symptoms to watch out for:

  • Excessive Tearing: While it may seem counterintuitive, excessive tearing can actually be a sign of dry eye. This happens when the eyes overcompensate for the lack of moisture by producing more tears than usual.
  • Redness: Redness in the eyes is a common symptom of dry eye, as the irritation caused by the lack of moisture can cause blood vessels to become inflamed.
  • Excessive Blinking: Lhasa Apsos with dry eye syndrome may blink more than normal in an attempt to relieve the dryness and discomfort in their eyes.
  • Sensitivity to Light: Dry eye syndrome can cause increased sensitivity to light, and even mild light can cause discomfort and pain in the eyes.
  • Discharge: In some cases, dry eye can cause a discharge from the eyes, which can be thick and stringy.
  • Eye Fatigue: The discomfort caused by dry eye can make it difficult for Lhasa Apsos to keep their eyes open, leading to eye fatigue and even difficulty keeping their eyes open.

It’s important to note that these symptoms can also be caused by other eye conditions or health issues, so it’s important to consult with a veterinarian to get an accurate diagnosis. By identifying the symptoms of dry eye, pet owners can take the necessary steps to manage and treat the condition.

Diagnosing Dry Eye Syndrome in Lhasa Apsos

Diagnosing Dry Eye Syndrome in Lhasa Apsos

Diagnosing Dry Eye Syndrome in Lhasa Apsos is important to start a proper treatment plan. Veterinarians will perform a range of tests to assess the severity of the disease and rule out any other potential medical conditions. Here are some of the common tests that are conducted:

Schirmer Tear TestA small strip of paper is placed over the eye to measure tear production. A result of less than 15mm per minute is indicative of dry eye syndrome.
Fluorescein Stain TestA yellow-green dye is placed onto the cornea of the eye to check for any corneal damage. Affected areas will show up as bright green under blue light.
Tear Film Break-up Time (TBUT)A non-invasive test that measures the time it takes for the tear film on the surface of the eye to break down. A result of less than 10 seconds is indicative of dry eye syndrome.
Conjunctival CytologyA small brush is used to collect cells from the surface of the conjunctiva. These cells are examined under the microscope to assess any signs of inflammation or damage.

It is crucial to seek veterinary attention if you suspect your Lhasa Apso is suffering from Dry Eye Syndrome. Early diagnosis and treatment can help reduce pain and prevent further damage to the eyes.

Treatment and Prevention Options

When it comes to treating and preventing dry eye syndrome in Lhasa Apsos, there are numerous options available. From artificial tears and ointments to cyclosporine and surgery, there are a variety of treatment methods that can be effective. Additionally, lifestyle changes such as managing environmental factors and incorporating a healthy diet can also help. Let’s take a closer look at some of the most effective strategies for treating and preventing this uncomfortable condition in Lhasa Apsos.

1. Artificial Tears

Artificial tears are a common treatment option for dogs suffering from Dry Eye Syndrome, including Lhasa Apsos. These eye drops contain a special lubricant that helps to replace the missing moisture and prevent further damage to the affected eye.

How it works
Artificial tears work by adding moisture to the dog’s eye when the tear ducts aren’t producing enough natural tears. They can also help to soothe and lubricate the affected area, reducing discomfort and irritation. Some artificial tears contain additional ingredients that help to reduce inflammation and promote healing of the affected tissues.

Artificial tears come in various forms, including drops, gels, and ointments. Drops are generally used for mild cases of Dry Eye Syndrome, whereas gels and ointments are more suitable for severe or chronic cases. The drops should be applied directly into the affected eye, usually several times a day as recommended by the veterinarian. The ointments and gels are typically applied before bedtime to allow for more prolonged lubrication and healing throughout the night.

Side effects
Artificial tears are generally considered safe and don’t have any serious side effects. However, in rare cases, some dogs may experience an allergic reaction or irritation to the eye drops. If your dog displays any unusual symptoms or behaviors after using artificial tears, consult with a veterinarian immediately.

Here is a table summarizing the pros and cons of using artificial tears for Lhasa Apsos with Dry Eye Syndrome:

Relatively safe and easy to useMay require frequent application
Can provide almost immediate reliefMay not be effective for all cases of Dry Eye Syndrome
Can help to promote healing and reduce inflammationMay cause temporary blurriness or discomfort in the eye

Artificial tears can be an excellent option for treating Dry Eye Syndrome in Lhasa Apsos. They’re affordable, easy to use, and generally well-tolerated. However, it’s important to consult with a veterinarian before starting any new treatments to ensure that they’re safe and suitable for your dog’s specific condition.

2. Ointments and Gels

When it comes to treating dry eye syndrome in Lhasa Apsos, ointments and gels can provide much-needed relief to the affected areas. These eye drops work to replenish the moisture in your Lhasa Apso’s eyes, and can be easily applied at home. Here are some tips and recommendations for using ointments and gels to treat dry eye syndrome:

How Do Ointments and Gels Work?

Ointments and gels work by providing a protective layer over your Lhasa Apso’s eye, which helps prevent moisture from evaporating too quickly. This layer also helps lubricate the eye, which can reduce irritation and improve overall eye health.

Types of Ointments and Gels

There are several over-the-counter and prescription ointments and gels that can be used to treat dry eye syndrome in Lhasa Apsos. Here are some of the most popular options:

Product NameType of Eye DropMain IngredientsPrescription Required?
Blink TearsLubricating eye dropsPolyethylene glycol, propylene glycolNo
Refresh OptiveLubricating eye dropsCarboxymethylcellulose sodium, glycerin, polysorbate 80No
CyclosporineImmunosuppressant eye dropsCyclosporine AYes
TobramycinAntibiotic eye dropsTobramycinYes

It’s important to note that some ointments and gels require a prescription from a veterinarian, while others can be purchased over-the-counter. Always consult with your veterinarian before giving your Lhasa Apso any new medication.

How to Apply Ointments and Gels

Applying ointments and gels to your Lhasa Apso’s eyes is a relatively simple process. Here are some general guidelines:

1. Wash your hands thoroughly before handling the eye drops.
2. Shake the bottle of eye drops well before use.
3. Tilt your Lhasa Apso’s head back and gently pull down their lower eyelid to create a small pocket.
4. Squeeze the prescribed amount of ointment or gel into the pocket.
5. Release your Lhasa Apso’s eyelid and gently massage their eye to help distribute the eye drops.
6. Repeat as directed by your veterinarian.


Ointments and gels are an effective way to treat dry eye syndrome in Lhasa Apsos. They work by providing a protective layer over the eye, which helps prevent moisture from evaporating too quickly. With proper application and usage, your Lhasa Apso can receive the relief they need from dry eye syndrome.

3. Cyclosporine

Cyclosporine is a commonly used medication to treat dry eye syndrome in Lhasa Apsos. This medication works by suppressing the immune system’s response which in turn reduces inflammation in the eyes. Cyclosporine is typically given as an eye drop and can be used to manage both mild and severe cases of dry eye syndrome in Lhasa Apsos.

There are a few things to keep in mind when using cyclosporine as a treatment option for dry eye syndrome in Lhasa Apsos. Firstly, this medication typically does not work immediately and may take up to a few months to produce visible results. Secondly, it is important to use the medication as directed by your veterinarian to avoid any potential side effects.

Below is a table outlining some important information to keep in mind when considering the use of cyclosporine as a treatment option for dry eye syndrome in Lhasa Apsos:

Effective: Cyclosporine can be an effective treatment option for managing dry eye syndrome in Lhasa Apsos.Cost: Cyclosporine can be a costly treatment option.
Easy to Use: The medication is typically given as an eye drop, which can be easy to administer.Slow Results: This medication can take months to show visible results.
Long-Term Solution: Cyclosporine can be used as a long-term solution for managing dry eye syndrome in Lhasa Apsos.Potential Side Effects: As with any medication, there is a risk of side effects such as irritation, burning, or redness in the eyes.

It is important to note that cyclosporine is not always effective in treating dry eye syndrome in Lhasa Apsos and may need to be combined with other treatment options such as artificial tears or surgery. Consulting with your veterinarian is crucial in determining the most appropriate treatment plan for your pet.

4. Surgery

When other treatment options fail to provide relief, surgery may be necessary to treat dry eye syndrome in Lhasa Apsos. There are several surgical procedures available that can help alleviate the symptoms and promote tear production. Here are some options to consider:

Parotid duct transpositionThis surgical procedure involves rerouting the duct that carries saliva from the parotid gland to the eye, increasing moisture in the eye.
Cherry eye repairCherry eye is a common condition in Lhasa Apsos that occurs when the gland that produces tears prolapses and becomes visible as a red lump in the corner of the eye. Surgery may be necessary to replace the gland and restore normal tear function.
Third eyelid flapThe third eyelid, also known as the nictitating membrane, is a thin layer of tissue that helps protect and lubricate the eye. In some cases, the third eyelid can be damaged or malformed, leading to dry eye. A surgical procedure can be performed to create a flap of tissue from the third eyelid to promote tear flow.

It is important to note that surgical procedures have risks and potential complications, so they should only be considered after other treatment options have been exhausted and under the guidance of a veterinarian. Regular follow-up appointments with the vet are also important to ensure the surgery was successful and the Lhasa Apso is healing properly.

5. Home Care

Taking care of a Lhasa Apso with dry eye syndrome requires a combination of medical treatment and home care. Here are some tips and recommendations for home care that can help manage this condition:

  • Keep the eyes clean: Make sure to clean the Lhasa Apso’s eyes regularly with a warm, damp cloth to remove any dirt or debris that may be causing irritation.
  • Manage the room temperature: Keep the environment around the Lhasa Apso free from any irritants, such as cigarette smoke or excessive dust, and try to maintain a comfortable temperature to prevent dryness.
  • Protect the eyes: If the dry eye syndrome is caused by an eyelid problem, it is important to protect the eyes from any trauma. You can do this by using protective eyewear or a cone collar.
  • Provide a humidifier: Dry air can exacerbate the symptoms of dry eye syndrome. Using a humidifier can help to add moisture to the environment and alleviate dryness.
  • Regular grooming: Keep the Lhasa Apso’s coat clean and free from mats or tangles around the eyes. This can prevent irritation and promote healthy tear production.
  • Monitor progress: Keep a close eye on the Lhasa Apso’s progress, noting any changes in symptoms or improvement with treatment. Regular visits to the veterinarian can also help to monitor and manage this condition.

Remember that home care is just one part of managing dry eye syndrome in Lhasa Apsos. Consult with your veterinarian and follow their recommended course of treatment to ensure the best possible outcome for your furry friend.

6. Diet and Nutrition

Proper diet and nutrition can have a positive impact on a Lhasa Apso’s overall health, including their eye health. To help manage and prevent dry eye syndrome, it’s important to incorporate certain foods into their diet that are rich in nutrients that support eye health.

One essential nutrient for eye health is Vitamin A. This vitamin aids in the production of tears and helps keep the eyes moisturized. Foods that are high in Vitamin A include liver, eggs, and dark green leafy vegetables such as spinach and kale.

Another important nutrient for eye health is Omega-3 fatty acids. These healthy fats can help reduce inflammation and improve tear quality. Good sources of Omega-3s include fatty fish such as salmon and tuna, as well as flaxseeds and chia seeds.

In addition to Vitamin A and Omega-3s, antioxidants are also crucial for maintaining healthy eyes. Antioxidants help protect the eyes from oxidative damage caused by free radicals. Foods that are rich in antioxidants include berries, sweet potatoes, and bell peppers.

It’s important to note that some foods can actually contribute to dry eye syndrome in Lhasa Apsos. Foods that are high in sodium can dehydrate the body, which can subsequently cause dry eyes. It’s best to limit the amount of processed and high-sodium foods in a Lhasa Apso’s diet.

A well-balanced diet that is rich in nutritious foods can help support a Lhasa Apso’s eye health and prevent dry eye syndrome. Incorporating a variety of Vitamin A and Omega-3 rich foods, as well as foods with antioxidants, can help keep their eyes healthy and moisturized.

NutrientFood Sources
Vitamin ALiver, eggs, spinach, kale
Omega-3 Fatty AcidsSalmon, tuna, flaxseeds, chia seeds
AntioxidantsBerries, sweet potatoes, bell peppers

7. Managing Environmental Factors

When it comes to managing environmental factors that can exacerbate dry eye syndrome in Lhasa Apsos, there are several things pet owners can do to help. Here are some tips and recommendations:

Environmental FactorRecommendation
Low HumidityUsing a humidifier in your pet’s living areas can help increase the humidity levels. This can help prevent the eyes from drying out, especially during the winter months.
Wind ExposureWhen taking your Lhasa Apso outside on windy days, be sure to protect their eyes by using special goggles or a face mask designed for dogs. Alternatively, you can limit their exposure to wind by taking them on short walks or keeping them indoors on windy days.
Dust and PollenRegularly cleaning your home and your pet’s bedding can help reduce the amount of dust and pollen that can accumulate. Using air purifiers can also help filter out these particles from the air.
Smoke and ChemicalsAvoid exposing your pet to secondhand smoke or harsh chemicals that can irritate their eyes. Keep your home well-ventilated and use natural cleaning products whenever possible.
SunlightDirect sunlight can also worsen dry eye syndrome in Lhasa Apsos. Keep your pet indoors during the hottest part of the day and provide them with shaded areas when they are outside. Using pet-specific sunscreen on their face can also help protect their eyes from the sun’s harmful rays.

By taking steps to manage these environmental factors, you can help prevent your Lhasa Apso from experiencing further symptoms of dry eye syndrome. It’s important to work closely with your veterinarian to find the best combination of treatments and environmental management strategies for your pet. With the right care, your furry companion can live a happy and healthy life, free from the discomfort of dry eyes.


After careful consideration and research, it is clear that dry eye syndrome is a common condition among Lhasa Apsos that causes discomfort and pain. Fortunately, there are several options available for treating and preventing this condition.

Artificial tears, ointments and gels, and cyclosporine are effective medications that can help to reduce dryness and inflammation of the eyes. While surgery is an option in severe cases, it should only be considered as a last resort.

In addition to medical treatments, home care measures such as warm compresses, keeping the eyes clean, and providing plenty of fresh water are crucial for managing dry eye syndrome in Lhasa Apsos. Proper nutrition with essential fatty acids is also important in supporting eye health.

Furthermore, managing environmental factors such as air conditioning and exposure to smoke and wind is necessary to prevent worsening of symptoms. With proper care and regular visits to a veterinarian, Lhasa Apsos suffering from dry eye syndrome can lead normal and comfortable lives.

Overall, it is important to recognize the symptoms of dry eye syndrome and take action to prevent and manage the condition in order to ensure the well-being of our furry friends.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. Can dry eye syndrome in Lhasa Apsos be cured?

Dry eye syndrome in Lhasa Apsos is a chronic condition, but it can be managed with proper treatment and care.

2. Are Lhasa Apsos more prone to dry eye syndrome?

Yes, Lhasa Apsos are one of the dog breeds that are more prone to dry eye syndrome.

3. Can artificial tears be used daily?

Yes, artificial tears can be used several times a day as needed.

4. Is cyclosporine safe for Lhasa Apsos?

Yes, cyclosporine is safe for Lhasa Apsos when prescribed and used properly under veterinary supervision.

5. Can surgery effectively treat dry eye syndrome in Lhasa Apsos?

Surgery can be effective in treating dry eye syndrome in Lhasa Apsos, but it is usually only recommended in severe cases that do not respond to other treatments.

6. Can environmental factors worsen dry eye syndrome in Lhasa Apsos?

Yes, environmental factors such as dry air or wind can worsen dry eye syndrome in Lhasa Apsos.

7. Is it safe to clean Lhasa Apso’s eyes with a damp cloth?

Yes, it is safe to clean your Lhasa Apso’s eyes with a clean, damp cloth. However, do not use any harsh chemicals or soaps on their delicate eye area.

8. Can a Lhasa Apso’s diet affect their dry eye syndrome?

Yes, a Lhasa Apso’s diet can affect their dry eye syndrome. It’s important to feed them a balanced and nutritious diet that includes essential fatty acids.

9. Is it okay to let a Lhasa Apso ride in a car with the windows down?

No, it’s not recommended to let your Lhasa Apso ride in a car with the windows down as the wind can further dry out their eyes.

10. Can certain medications cause dry eye syndrome in Lhasa Apsos?

Yes, certain medications such as antihistamines, diuretics, and some types of painkillers can cause dry eye syndrome in Lhasa Apsos.


Britta Thygesen

Britta Thygesen

A passionate dog owner and a full-time certified dog trainer. Aspires to make DogCareHacks a go-to place for all the doggo info. Shares personal experience and professional knowledge.

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